DP_lecture_peers-1

DP_lecture_peers-1 - Peers as a socializing agent Peers vs...

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Peers as a socializing agent
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Peers vs Adults Adults often represent authority, power, By school, children are spending majority of leisure time with peers
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Peers Peer = one that is of equal standing with another; social equals; operating at similar levels of behavioral complexity can be different ages
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Peer time (playing) in homes & neighborhoods 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 1-2 3-4 5-6 7-8 9-10 11- 12 Age (yrs) Child Companion Adult Companion
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Peers Peers are important source of EQUAL STATUS interactions which can provide growth promoting conflicts of viewpoint practice in compromise emotional security training for later romantic relationships
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Developmental Trajectory of Peer Sociability Sociability = one’s willingness to engage with others in starting at 6 mos, a bit of interaction with peers babbling, toy offering, gestures by 18 mos, coordinated interactions (e.g., imitation) starting at 2 yrs, complementary roles (tag)
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Play purpose of social play master ways of communicating with equals practice compromise Parten (1932) noticed trends in social play type non-social play type (decrease w/ age) parallel play (decrease w/ age) child plays independently at the same activity as other child(ren) associative play (increase w/ age) child still focused on a separate activity but good amount of » Sharing/lending » helping » taking turns » attending to the activities of peers cooperative play (increase w/ age) children organize their play and/or activity cooperatively w/ a common goal differentiate and assign roles Middle Childhood - Social play becomes formalized (board games, sports)
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Peer acceptance = measure of person’s likability in the eyes of peers measure with SOCIOMETRIC TECHNIQUES ask children who they like & dislike in their class; with whom they want to be friends correlate well w/ teacher ratings of popularity results in 5 categories of peer acceptance
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Common Sociometric Categories Category Description Popular Children who receive many positive nominations and few negative nominations. Rejected
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DP_lecture_peers-1 - Peers as a socializing agent Peers vs...

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