DP_lecture_physical_motor

DP_lecture_physical_motor - Physical & Motor...

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Why should developmental psychologists be interested?
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Physical Growth What are the psychological consequences? Age (years) 5 10 15 20 Height gain (cm/yr) 25 20 15 10 5 Girls Boys
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Psychological Correlates of Physical Development Development is holistic = consider how everything works together to result in new psychological phenomenon Testing of wills Social interaction Attachment behaviors Boldness Agency Perception (optical flow)
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Puberty Def: process of reaching sexual maturity Includes not only physical changes, but psychological changes as well. “Renaissance of the brain” (sensitive period) Hormone cascade Brain Changes Body Changes: 2° sex characteristics
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Does brain keep up with body changes? Age of Onset of Puberty is dropping (secular trend) nutrition, stress, weight gain, etc. Prefrontal Cortex (PFC) continues to develop until late adolescence immature impulse control decreased reward sensitivity “an engine without a skilled driver”
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Psychological Correlates of Puberty The pleasantness of puberty generally, people aren’t thrilled about entering puberty generally, it is less appreciated by females
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Is timing important? Boys Late maturers tend: to be more anxious, eager, attention seeking to feel more socially inadequate to have lower academic aspirations Why? (think of evocative genotype-environment
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This note was uploaded on 09/24/2010 for the course PSYCH 120B taught by Professor Shams during the Spring '09 term at UCLA.

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DP_lecture_physical_motor - Physical & Motor...

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