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DP_lecture_aggression_altruism_morality

DP_lecture_aggression_altruism_morality - Aggression...

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Aggression, Altruism, & Moral Development
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Difference between physical aggression & rough & tumble play Strength & type of blows facial expressions presence or absence of laughter or angry words presence or absence of crowd watching presence or absence of injury & crying
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Aggression Hostile: aggressive acts for which the perpetrator’s major goal is to harm or injure a victim Instrumental: aggressive acts for which the perpetrator’s major goal is gain access to objects, space or privileges
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Early aggression 1 yr olds are aggressive to get toys Around 2-3, start to physically retaliate against peers 3-5, physical declined, replaced by verbal aggression (name calling, tattling, often instrumental) Middle childhood, decline in instrumental, increase in hostile aggression (increased role taking ability)
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Relational Aggression Traditionally, males seen as more aggressive & females having more relational goals Crick & Grotpeter (1995) thought that girls’ aggression would be consistent with their social goals, I.e., undermine one another’s social standing weapon to assault others and others' relationships. uses lies, secrets, betrayals and other dishonest tactics to destroy or damage the relationships and social standing of others in the group. the victim may not know the abuser is lying or gossiping about the victim, and the abuser may even pretend to befriend the victim. Younger children are more likely to use direct forms of relational aggression, e.g., "You can't come to my birthday party." In contrast, older children are more likely to use more covert methods of harm, e.g., by making up demeaning stories about the victim and passing them around at school or other environments where social standing is important to the victim
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The Study 3-6th graders asked to identify the overtly & relationally aggressive children in school 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 Relational Overt Boys Girls
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Bullying video
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Stability over time Aggression is a fairly stable trait 8 yr old aggression predicts aggression at 30 more likely to batter spouse more likely to engage in criminal behaviors stability is not surprising (evocative)
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Highly aggressive children
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