sal05288 - Transforming the Female Orphan School David...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
1 Transforming the Female Orphan School David Saltmarsh School of Education, Macquarie University Presented at AARE 2005 conference Creative Dissent: Constructive solutions Abstract The Female Orphan School has been referred to as a national heirloom, Sydney’s forgotten colonial icon, a jewel and a national treasure, but how much do we know about the original purposes of this building? And should we care? This paper reviews the transformation of this building from orphan school to hospital for the insane to university research centre. The case study data is drawn from historical documents, art works, newspaper reports and interviews with architects and heritage consultants. This material is analysed using a combination of critical discourse analysis and a theoretical framework developed largely from the work Michel de Certeau. The paper argues that while the building’s status as an icon, its importance to the local area and Australia’s history is strongly promoted in the press, this appreciation is largely superficial. The paper concludes that the greater significance of the Orphan School that we should seek lies in the ways that the building has been discursively formed to produce a range of ideological representations. Introduction The impetus for this paper came from a desire to document the ways in which our understandings of the Female Orphan School have been distorted by reporting of it as a recent acquisition of the University of Western Sydney (UWS). I suspected that in the University’s enthusiasm to gain prominence and market advantage by claiming a piece of Australian cultural heritage as its own some aspects of the institution’s history would have been overlooked, while other aspects emphasized. The ‘transformation’, then, was originally meant to refer to a presumed distortion of our recollections of the past. However, I discovered not a single transformation, but a number which include the following: 1. The creation of the Female Orphan School by Governor King in 1800 2. Governor Macquarie’s creation of the building at Parramatta, opened in 1818 3. The transfer of boys from the Male Orphan School in 1850 and the facility becoming the Protestant Orphan School and its eventual closure in 1887
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
2 4. Becoming Rydalmere Hospital for the Insane 1888, new buildings constructed, being renamed Rydalmere Psychiatric Hospital and closing from 1985 5. The growth of the ‘heritage movement’ and the campaign by the SMH, from December 1991, to save the derelict Orphan School buildings 6. The hospital precinct purchased by UWS Nepean from the State government and becoming the Parramatta campus in 1995 7. The commencement of restoration the buildings in 1998 8. The academic appropriation of the Orphan School history in 1999 9. Reopening of the Female Orphan school buildings in November 2003 and the Whitlam Institute, in the former Medical Superintendent house 10. The winning of the heritage awards (National Trust, April 2004; UNESCO,
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 09/24/2010 for the course BOUIZAN 352140 taught by Professor Scroeba during the Spring '10 term at Acton School of Business.

Page1 / 13

sal05288 - Transforming the Female Orphan School David...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online