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Unformatted text preview: eocentric, hierarchical cosmologies start, yet many still reject Darwinism,
believe in hierarchical cosmologies and regard animals as property. The law should liberate at
least some of the nonhuman animals from the legal thinghood and give them some of the rights of
legal personhood. Francione, Gary L.
Animals, Property and Legal Welfarism: “Unnecessary” Suffering and the “Humane”
Treatment of Animals
RUTGERS LAW REVIEW, vol. 46, no. 2, pgs. 721-770, Winter (1994)
Animal Testing and the Law
ANIMALS’ AGENDA, May, p. 39, 47 (1991)
Frye v. United States in 1923 established the legal precedent supporting the admissibility of
animal test data in cases involving humans. More recently, cases have demonstrated significant
failure of animal test data. Courts have ruled “studies to be inclusive” (Wells v. Ortho
Pharmaceutical), “speculative… unconvincing… not solid scientific date” (UAW v. Johnson
Controls), and “not helpful in the instant case because they involve di...
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