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Unformatted text preview: l policy. Beginning from the
view that all and only entities with interests have moral standing, Varner defends a biocentric
individualistic stance with affinities to both animal rights and anthropocentric views. He argues
that every living organism has interests which ought, other things being equal, to be protected, but
that some interests take priority over others. In particular, he defends sentientist principle giving
priority to the lives of animals with conscious desires and an anthropocentric principle giving
priority to certain very inclusive interests which only humans have. He then shows that these
principles are not only consistent with, but provide significant support for, the goals of the
environmental agenda. Along the way, Varner surveys problems facing attempts to develop a
holistic environmental ethic, provides a careful analysis of the notion of desire and its scope in the
animal kingdom, and improves upon available arguments for the claim that nonconscious
organism possess morally significant interes...
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