cmn-school - CARMEN School Introduction In 2000 the 53rd...

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CARMEN School Introduction In 2000, the 53 rd World Health Assembly (WHA) approved the Resolution WHA53.17 that requested the WHO Director-General to develop a global strategy for the prevention and control of NCD. The WHA recognized “that the conditions in which people live and their lifestyle influence their health and quality of life and that NCD threaten the economies of Member States, leading to increasing health inequalities between countries and populations”. The strategy was developed and approved, and targets major NCD risk factors: tobacco use, unhealthy diet and sedentary lifestyle. It is based on principles of equity and social justice, focuses on multilevel policy-making, community development, health communication and sustainability of health systems. The WHO technical cooperation, based on the 2000 Global Strategy, has been delivered through the six regional networks that come together with multiple partners in the Global Forum on NCD Prevention and Control. The regional networks aim at establishing effective collaborative mechanisms and methodologies for integrated, intersectoral NCD prevention and control with a cross cutting health promotion approach. Continuing the process and owing to the 2002 World Health Report on Risks to Health, the WHA requested the Director-General (Resolution WHA 55.23) to develop a Global Strategy on Diet, Physical Activity and Health within the framework of the renewed WHO strategy for NCD Prevention and Control. After extensive consultation, the Global Strategy on Diet, Physical Activity and Health is ready to be presented to the 2004 WHA. If the strategy is approved, it will be implemented through the Regional networks that conform the Global Forum for NCD Prevention and Control. In 1996, the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) developed an initiative aimed at giving technical cooperation to Member States for the implementation of effective integrated community–based NCD prevention programs, which is known by the Spanish acronym CARMEN * . The CARMEN Initiative seeks to prevent major chronic non communicable diseases by reducing the prevalence of key risk factors among the population, through the implementation of integrated community-based interventions. Member States participating in the initiative conform the CARMEN Network, which is linked to the other WHO Regional Networks and to the Global Forum. In this way countries are accountable to each other for implementing integrated chronic disease prevention and health promotion programs. The CARMEN Network strives to promote collaboration to tackle the increasing burden of disease due to chronic non communicable diseases. * CARMEN is the acronym for the name in Spanish, " C onjunto de A cciones para la R educción M ultifactorial de E nfermedades N o transmisibles."
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2 Although human resources are a crucial component of any public health system, the health workforce lacks the necessary skills and information to develop, implement and evaluate NCD
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cmn-school - CARMEN School Introduction In 2000 the 53rd...

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