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Chptr_01 - Psychology Its Nature and Nurture Chapter 1...

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Psychology: Its Nature and Nurture - Chapter 1 1 PSYCHOLOGY: Exploring Behavior Chapter 1: Psychology: Its Nature and Nurture What Is Psychology? Psychology: Its Nature and Nurture Definition of psychology The History of Psychology Psychology in the 1800s Psychology in the 1900s Psychology Becomes Eclectic Problems and Methods in Psychology Today Operational Definitions Variables of Interest Control and Data Collection Experiments in Psychology Naturalistic Observation Case Histories and the Interview Goals of Psychological Study Central Issues and Why They Are The Nature-Nurture Problem Levels of Explanation Theoretical Views Research vs. Application Psychology: Art? Science? Common Sense? REVIEW ACTIVITIES INTERESTED IN MORE? What Is Psychology? "Ahm gowa gega ped dawp." "Ahm ink thasa dawp's ta on." "Eir, dawpy, dawpy, lokame." "Es, dissa ma ped dawp na." What's going on here? Does this speech reflect logical behavior? As you read the unfamiliar syllables in the paragraph above, you exhibited certain behaviors. You may have made a quick decision: that part of this book is written in a foreign language. Or you may have decided that psychology was more complex than you'd thought. Or perhaps you looked at the quotations and realized that they fit the normal rules for language. The "words" seemed to occur in logical order. In short, you have decided that this material reflected some sort of normal human behavior, but you just didn't know the rules. In any case you began to wonder about the nature of psychology.
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Psychology: Its Nature and Nurture - Chapter 1 2 PSYCHOLOGY: Exploring Behavior Now, as part of your introduction to this subject, explore the following statements about psychology. Which ones are true? After you've quizzed yourself, you might discuss them with another student and then try again. You may know more about psychology than you think. Information about each of these topics appears throughout this book. WHAT YOU ALWAYS THOUGHT YOU KNEW ABOUT PSYCHOLOGY: Following are some beliefs people have that are related to the field of psychology. With which ones do you agree? Think about each of them. After each statement is a reference to the chapter that will give the facts. 1. It is very easy to demonstrate your "body sense" even with your eyes shut. (Answer in Sensation and Perception chapter.) 2. People are either introverted (inward looking) or extroverted (outgoing). (Answer in Personality Theories chapter.) 3. After you learn something you forget more of it in the next few hours than in the next several days. (Answer in Remembering chapter.) 4. The main factor determining whom a teenager is likely to ask for a first date is the person's physical attractiveness. (Answer in You and Groups chapter.) 5. If you must punish a child, it is best to do it immediately after the misdeed. (Answer in Learning chapter.) 6. All people in America are born equal in capacity for achievement. (Answer in Testing chapter.) 7. Teaching a child to roller skate very early in life will give the child a permanent advantage in this skill.
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