Chptr_08 - Remembering - Chapter 8 Chapter 8: Remembering...

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Remembering - Chapter 8 259 PSYCHOLOGY: Exploring Behavior Chapter 8: Remembering Remembering Memory Sensory store Short-term memory Long-Term Memory Episodic, Semantic, and Procedural Memory Techniques for Studying Memory Inputting information Meaningfulness The Role of Association Value The Role of Imagery The Role of Frequency Task Variables Procedures for Learning Depth of Processing Knowledge of Results Mnemonics USING PSYCHOLOGY: Studying for Input Retaining information: Are Remembering and Forgetting Related? USING PSYCHOLOGY: Studying for storage Retrieving Information from Memory USING PSYCHOLOGY: Studying for Retrieval Transfer -- Positive and Negative REVIEW QUESTIONS ACTIVITIES INTERESTED IN MORE? Remembering WHAT'S THE ANSWER? Said Juanita, "Let's invite that new kid who was talking to Patsy to the party this weekend." Responded Debbie, "Good idea. Give me the phone book and I'll give him a call. Let's see . . . yes, here it is, 739- 9267. Where's the phone?" "Under your bedspread." "I've got it. All right, here we go . . . seven . . . three . . . nine . . . nine . . . two . . . six . . . seven . . . It's ringing!. . Wow! Six rings, I hope he's home! Uh, what's this?. . . The phone's been disconnected? Try it again?. . . Juanita, what number was I
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Remembering - Chapter 8 260 PSYCHOLOGY: Exploring Behavior calling? . . . Was it, uh, six . . . two . . . uh . . . " What happened? Why did Debbie forget the number she'd just dialed? "Both Maria and I had dates Saturday night and Sunday afternoon. We're twins, you know, and we do a lot together. Our grades have been identical in every course we've ever taken together. Well, anyway, I know neither of us had studied for either our English test on poetry or our math test on equations until we sat down Sunday evening. We both had six hours to study and the two tests to get ready for. I spent three hours on English and then three on math. Maria alternated all evening, spending an hour at a time on each participant. And you know what? She beat me! She did better on both tests!" How do you explain this? Do people who learn things faster tend to learn things better? It is generally believed that there are at least two, possibly three types of memory processes by which humans retain information. The sensory store retains information for a very brief interval of time. Rehearsal allows information to be held in short-term memory and helps determine if it will enter long- term memory. Retrieval of information from long-term memory requires some trace of the event and a retrieval cue. Another theoretical analysis of memory bases its organization on the use to which stored knowledge is put. This model views memory as composed of three types of material: episodic (time-related), semantic (language-related), and procedural (physical activity). Three basic methods for measuring the amount that has been
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Chptr_08 - Remembering - Chapter 8 Chapter 8: Remembering...

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