Chptr_10 - Your Motivations Chapter 10 Chapter 10...

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Your Motivations - Chapter 10 327 PSYCHOLOGY: Exploring Behavior Chapter 10: Motivations Motivations What Is Motivation? Going in Cycles Homeostasis Physiological Motives Hunger What Makes Us Start Eating? How Do We Stop Eating? USING PSYCHOLOGY: How can you control your weight? Thirst "Mixed" Motives Pain Sexual Behavior Psychological, or Learned, Motives Responding to Learned Goals Measuring Learned Motives Achievement Fear of Success -- A Women's Problem? Fear A Theory to Summarize REVIEW ACTIVITIES INTERESTED IN MORE? Motivations WHAT'S THE ANSWER? "My friend and I went to a party the other night. It was really nice -- candle light everywhere and a good time was had by all. And -- wow! -- what a spread! They even had lobster. I didn't eat too much more than I usually do. But my friend who's staying with me ate like a horse. I don't think she left the area where the food was all night." Which of these two people probably has better control of her eating habits? Why do you think so? "No, Carlita, no. I can't accept the scholarship." "But, Pam, you earned that scholarship. Your test performance was the best of any senior in the city!" "I know, Carlita, I know. But Jim didn't get one. I just can't accept mine -- it would crush him!" What motives are operating
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Your Motivations - Chapter 10 328 PSYCHOLOGY: Exploring Behavior here? Why is this female refusing the scholarship that was not won by some male she knows? Motivation influences many aspects of our life and helps explain different causes of behavior. It aids survival, accounts for variations in any individual's behavior, and guides our actions. Motivation operates in a cycle. Homeostasis involves maintaining various bodily processes within a narrow range of acceptability. Deviations from that norm lead to automatic corrective actions. Human motives range from physiological motives (hunger and thirst) through "mixed" motives, which involve both physiological and learned aspects (pain and sex), to purely learned motives (achievement and fear). Our body reacts as it becomes motivated. For each of us our specific pattern of physiological arousal is the same for each motive. Visible parts of the body, such as our eyes, are also thought to react when we experience stress. Our body's needs for growth, repair, and storage of resources combine with our prior experiences and many other environmental stimuli to make us hungry. A number of physiological and environmental factors determine when we will start eating. Our hypothalamus is now thought to set our body weight. Two factors combine to cause us to stop eating. Our brain monitors how much we take in, and our stomach registers the amount of food being stored. In the longer run we are kept from eating as unknown body factors restore themselves. Thirst is similar in some ways. The hypothalamus causes us to drink, and the same mixture of factors that stops our eating also stops our drinking. An aspect of hunger which differs from thirst is our ability (or inability) to maintain a healthy weight. Mixed motives involve physiological components and the
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This note was uploaded on 09/24/2010 for the course PSYCH 1300 taught by Professor Kasschau during the Spring '09 term at University of Houston.

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Chptr_10 - Your Motivations Chapter 10 Chapter 10...

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