Chptr_11 - Your Emotions Chapter 11 Chapter 11 Emotions 361...

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Your Emotions - Chapter 11 361 PSYCHOLOGY: Exploring Behavior Chapter 11: Emotions Emotions What Is Emotion? The Effects of Arousal Efficient behavior Dimensions of Emotions Faces and Emotion Words and Emotion Theories of Emotion Activation Attribution Opponent-Process The Development of Emotions Frustration Stress Boredom Love USING PSYCHOLOGY: Love and the theories of emotion REVIEW ACTIVITIES INTERESTED IN MORE? Emotions WHAT'S THE ANSWER? "Cindy, I just don't understand it. Sure, I love him. From all I can find out he's told half the basketball team -- and they've told all their friends -- that he likes me, too. You've told me. Rosey's told me. I mean, the message is pretty clear." "So, what's the problem, Steph?" asks Cindy. "Well, it just seems to go from bad to worse. I get so nervous when I'm around him. I mean, I've heard his voice shake a couple of times, and I know when we're alone he sometimes seems very shaky, really nervous, too. I so want to impress him. And the harder I try, the worse I do." What is wrong here? Why do professional card-players always seem to wear dark glasses?
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Your Emotions - Chapter 11 362 PSYCHOLOGY: Exploring Behavior In a sympathetic manner, Chris says, "I was sorry to hear about your grandfather's death, Mort." "Thanks," replies Mort. "My grandmother really took it hard. I guess you know it happened way back at the beginning of the summer. That's been four months and she's still really depressed. I think it's abnormal. She knew for a year he was going to die." Is it "abnormal"? Is there another possible explanation for the long-term depression of Mort's grandmother? With an ear-piercing screech of tires, the brilliant blue Ford Taurus racing car seemed to lose traction just at the end of the sharpest curve on the 2.5 mile track. "When I came around the curve, I saw the wet streak on the track, but by then it was too late to do anything but steer for the softest spot in the hay bales beyond the track," said Theresa. "That wasn't the worst of it. Fred, riding shotgun, lost his lunch!" Why -- in a motivational sense -- did Theresa's passenger get sick? An emotion is defined as a state of arousal and an attempt to label it. Our level of arousal directly affects how we behave. The arousal influences the efficiency of our behavior with moderate levels leading to most efficient behavior. Both low and high levels of arousal cause inefficient behavior. The study of emotions has included two approaches: studying and labeling photographs of posed facial emotions or analyzing the words we use in describing emotions. Arguments continue as to how many and what specific dimensions underlie emotional response. Many theories of emotion have been developed, but three are typical. The Activation Theory assumes simply that our level of arousal is crucial to the emotion we experience. The Attribution Theory assumes that emotions result from the combined effects of our level of arousal and the interpretation we make of that arousal. The Opponent-Process Theory assumes
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Chptr_11 - Your Emotions Chapter 11 Chapter 11 Emotions 361...

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