Chptr_12 - Testing - Chapter 12 Chapter 12: Testing 390...

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Testing - Chapter 12 390 PSYCHOLOGY: Exploring Behavior Chapter 12: Testing Testing Assumptions for a Test Norms Reliability Validity Objectivity and Efficiency Ethics Tests of Interests Tests for Achievement and Aptitude What is Intelligence? Classic Tests of Intelligence The Intelligence Quotient Modern Tests of Intelligence Definition and Measurement of Mental Retardation What Impacts Intellectual Development? USING PSYCHOLOGY: Can you Improve your IQ? Intelligence and Creativity Personality Tests and Errors Interviews Questionnaires and Self-Reports Projective Tests REVIEW ACTIVITIES INTERESTED IN MORE? Testing WHAT'S THE ANSWER? In career counseling, what's wrong with just asking people what they'd like to be? Why wouldn't they know best what their own interests are? "My grandfather was 63 last year. He got laid off from his job when his company lost a big contract. The dumbest thing happened to him. One place where he went for a job interview asked him to take an intelligence test before they'd hire him. He didn't get that job. He found out later that his intelligence rating wasn't high enough on that test to handle the job he wanted. Can you imagine that? I've lived with him all my life. He's raised three kids. He's been a construction foreman. He's done everything. The person he talked to said older people's IQ drops with age. The older they get, the
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Testing - Chapter 12 391 PSYCHOLOGY: Exploring Behavior dumber they get is what I guess he meant. I don't believe it. Gramps is too smart for that." What is the truth here? Will your intelligence grow, remain constant, or drop as you get older? Many studies of individual differences among humans have been conducted. The typical form of human test results is a normal distribution. A good test is based on standardized norms and is reliable and valid. Finally, good tests should be as objective and efficient as possible. They should yield the most useful information with the least time demands on the examiner and the person(s) taking the test. Ethical principles guide the giving and interpreting of psychological tests. Ethical issues include the demonstrated value of the test itself, the fairness of the test for the person being tested, and the rights of privacy involved. There are three types of tests most often used in career and vocational counseling. Interest tests help people identify potential careers. Career recommendations are based on a close similarity between the interests of the person being counseled and those of successful people already in various fields. Achievement tests are the most widely used, and possibly also the most widely abused, tests now available. Achievement tests stress content validity. You may not be able to separate aptitude tests from achievement tests on the basis of content, since they are quite similar. The main difference is in the intended use of the scores. Aptitude tests are used to project a person's potential success in future activities. Thus, they stress predictive validity. Intelligence is usually defined in terms of the processes
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This note was uploaded on 09/24/2010 for the course PSYCH 1300 taught by Professor Kasschau during the Spring '09 term at University of Houston.

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Chptr_12 - Testing - Chapter 12 Chapter 12: Testing 390...

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