Chptr_14 - Mental Behavioral Disorders Chapter 14 462...

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Mental & Behavioral Disorders - Chapter 14 462 PSYCHOLOGY: Exploring Behavior Chapter 14: Personality: Mental and Behavioral Disorders Personality: Mental and Behavioral Disorders What is "Abnormal" Behavior? Bases for Defining Abnormality A Working Definition of Abnormal Behavior Beware of "Abnormal" Behavior How Widespread are the Problems of Mental Illness? Problems of Diagnosis Dangers Diagnosis: Human or Computer? USING PSYCHOLOGY How Can You Judge What is Abnormal? Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-IV Anxiety-Based Disorders Anxiety Disorders Specific Phobia Obsessive/Compulsive Disorder Somatoform Disorders Dissociative Disorders Major Disorders Including Schizophrenia Types of Schizophrenia Mood Disorders: Episodes Types of Mood Disorders Personality Disorders REVIEW ACTIVITIES INTERESTED IN MORE? Personality: Mental and Behavioral Disorders Nonprofessionals -- friends or colleagues -- usually make the first judgment that someone's behavior is abnormal. Defining what is abnormal can be done in terms of statistical norms, personal comfort, or social definitions of normal behavior. A working definition of behavior includes subjective discomfort, eccentricity in behavior, and any changes in your behavior. Some people studying about abnormal personalities begin to think the symptoms about which they're reading apply to them. This is an error of judgment to be avoided. A number of assessments allow us to estimate the magnitude of mental health problems in today's society. The earliest modern diagnostic systems of abnormal behavior classified only symptoms. Such labels cause problems. Labeling
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Mental & Behavioral Disorders - Chapter 14 463 PSYCHOLOGY: Exploring Behavior may be dangerous because it leads some people to ignore the persons affected and encourages some disturbed people not to feel responsible for themselves. Labeling people may stigmatize them long after the abnormal behavior that caused the label has changed. A full diagnosis of psychological problems relies on both a medical examination and a psychological assessment though many initial diagnoses are performed by friends of the affected person. The newest listing of mental disorders identifies many new categories of abnormal behavior that reflect changing social customs and views. Mild disorders normally involve anxiety, attempts by the person to avoid or reduce that anxiety, and self-defeating behaviors. Among those experiencing an anxiety disorders, the generalized anxiety which is present is in excess of the anxiety most of us feel at times. Phobic disorders involve fears out of proportion with the potential dangers of a situation. Obsession and compulsion are also anxiety-based disorders. Somatoform disorders involve physical symptoms for which no
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This note was uploaded on 09/24/2010 for the course PSYCH 1300 taught by Professor Kasschau during the Spring '09 term at University of Houston.

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Chptr_14 - Mental Behavioral Disorders Chapter 14 462...

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