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Unformatted text preview: Personality: Therapies - Chapter 15 504 PSYCHOLOGY: Exploring Behavior Chapter 15: Personality: Therapies Personality: Therapies Causes of Abnormal Behavior Models for Change How Does Theory Affect Therapy? Forms of Psychotherapy Physical Therapy Talking Therapies USING PSYCHOLOGY: Controlling Daydreaming USING PSYCHOLOGY: Feelings of Inferiority Social Learning/Behavioral Therapies Cognitive Therapies Conflict--A Theoretical Analysis Conflict: Views of Social Learning/Behavioral Theorists Common Factors Across Therapies Problems in Evaluating Psychotherapy Mental Health How Should You Handle Frustration? USING PSYCHOLOGY: Can You Cure Shyness? REVIEW ACTIVITIES INTERESTED IN MORE? Personality: Therapies WHAT'S THE ANSWER? It's been 40 years or more since a new large state mental hospital has been built in the United States or Canada. The result is that such facilities are often quite old. Why is this occurring? Do North American governments no longer care about the treatment of those with abnormal behavior problems? Are the gold stars given to children for good work in school, or as rewards at home toward their weekly allowance, related to any form of therapy? &quot;How can it be? I made a deal with my girlfriend. She thought I was gaining too much weight, and I thought she was beginning to look a little plump, too. So we agreed that if I lost ten percent of my body weight and she lost ten percent of her body weight, we'd go to the Senior Ball together. I had to lose 20 pounds, but she had to lose 15.&quot; Personality: Therapies - Chapter 15 505 PSYCHOLOGY: Exploring Behavior &quot;So? What's your problem, Jack?&quot; &quot;Everything was great at first. I love to eat, but I jumped out to an early lead in our race. It was no trouble to keep from eating. But the longer I went with such a strict diet, the tougher it got. And then the dance started drawing closer. She lost more weight, and I really started getting worried. Now the date for the dance is almost here, and I'm really getting nervous. I just can't seem to keep from eating. What's wrong with me?&quot; What is wrong here? What theory of conflict can best explain what is happening? Is there anything that can be done to help this person achieve his goal? At least three possible causes of abnormal behavior can be identified: inherited or biological factors, psychological or learned factors, and cultural factors. There are two major models to explain abnormal behavior: the medical model and the psychological model. A psychotherapist chooses therapy based mainly on which theory of personality he or she endorses. There are three major forms of psychotherapy. One consists of the physical therapies, which may involve use of shock, drugs, or surgery. A second form is the talking therapies, which are very diverse. Psychoanalysis involves a lengthy study of childhood experiences and of unconscious urges. More recent forms of psychoanalysis have broadened the sources of influence impacting our everyday behavior. Person-centered therapies...
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- Spring '09