Chptr_16 - Social Behavior of Groups - Chapter 16 Chapter...

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Social Behavior of Groups - Chapter 16 542 PSYCHOLOGY: Exploring Behavior Chapter 16: Social Behavior of Groups Social Behavior of Groups The Group What is a Group? How are Groups Organized? Social Norms Roles Status and Social Class USING PSYCHOLOGY: Leaders and Leadership USING PSYCHOLOGY: Points in Leadership Social Communication Quality of Communication Groups Impact Behavior Better Performance in Groups Groups and Conformity Benefits of Groups Problems with Groups Authority The Family as a Group Socialization Influences Beyond the Family The Role of Changing Roles REVIEW ACTIVITIES INTERESTED IN MORE? Social Behavior of Groups WHAT'S THE ANSWER? Imagine that you're walking along the sidewalk minding your own business -- all alone as far as you know. You're happy because your teacher just praised you in class for a project you'd turned in. You're headed home, by way of your best friend's house. Things are going well. In this mood you see a squirrel near the edge of the sidewalk in the grass. For no apparent reason you strike up a conversation with the squirrel. Not expecting an answer, you say, "Good afternoon, squirrel. How's your day been?" You're just about to ask a second question when you see someone leaning against the tree beyond the squirrel. You hadn't realized anyone was there. What happens? You blush. You get nervous. You walk a little faster to get away as fast
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Social Behavior of Groups - Chapter 16 543 PSYCHOLOGY: Exploring Behavior as you can. And you avoid looking the person in the eye if you can. What's happening here? Why? "I really don't understand it, Charise. How could it have happened? You know I'm the quiet type, and I don't even like football that much." "What happened, Yvette?" "Well, I went to Saturday's championship game with my brother and his friends, but I mean they practically had to drag me to get me to go. Then I met the kids from my movie-maker's club there, and we all sat together. Our crowd filled up a whole section of the grandstand. We were all yelling and jumping up and down every time the team made a good play." "That sounds pretty usual to me, Yvette." "But that's not it. When we won the game, I ran out on the field with everyone and helped tear down State's goal posts! I can't believe I did it. Something must have happened to me." Is this an example of a group mind at work? Is there such a thing as a group mind? Does it exist, for example, when a group becomes a mob? Social psychologists study the effects of groups on the behavior of individuals. Sociologists study group behavior, where the group itself is the unit of analysis. Three elements are important in defining a group: (a) two or more people interacting (communicating) so as to influence each other, (b) a common goal, and (c) a sense of common identity. Groups usually serve social or task functions. Groups may be organized competitively or cooperatively, and
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Chptr_16 - Social Behavior of Groups - Chapter 16 Chapter...

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