Contents - Psychology Exploring Behavior i PSYCHOLOGY...

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Unformatted text preview: Psychology: Exploring Behavior i PSYCHOLOGY: Exploring Behavior Table of Contents Chapter: Psychology: Its Nature and Nurture ……………… 1 What Is Psychology? ……………………………………………………………………………………… 1 Psychology: Its Nature and Nurture ………………………………… 3 Definition of psychology ……………………………………………… 4 The History of Psychology …………………………………………… 6 Psychology in the 1800s …………………………………… 8 Psychology in the 1900s …………………………………… 9 Psychology Becomes Eclectic ………………………… 11 Problems and Methods in Psychology Today 12 Operational Definitions ………………………………………………… 13 Variables of Interest ………………………………………… 16 Control and Data Collection ………………………… 18 Experiments in Psychology ………………… 19 Naturalistic Observation ……………………………………………… 20 Case Histories and the Interview …………… 22 Goals of Psychological Study …………………………………… 24 Central Issues and Why They Are …………………………… 26 The Nature-Nurture Problem …………………………… 26 Levels of Explanation ………………………………………… 27 Theoretical Views …………………………………………………… 28 Research vs. Application ………………………………… 29 Psychology: Art? Science? Common Sense? ……… 29 REVIEW ……………………………………………………………………………………………… 31 ACTIVITIES ………………………………………………………………………………… 31 INTERESTED IN MORE? …………………………………………………………… 34 Chapter: Methods and Data ………………………………………………………………… 37 Methods and Data ……………………………………………………………………………………………… 37 Experiments Controls and Ethics ………………………………………… 38 What is an Experiment? …………………………………………………… 39 Between-Groups Comparison ……………………………… 41 Within Groups Comparison ………………………………… 43 Sources of Error ……………………………………………………… 44 Ethics in Research ……………………………………………………………… 47 The Importance of Statistics ………………………………………………… 49 Descriptive Statistics …………………………………………………… 50 Inferential Statistics …………………………………………………… 52 Correlation …………………………………………………………………………………...
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Contents - Psychology Exploring Behavior i PSYCHOLOGY...

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