Ch 6 - Ch 6 Individual Participation Constitution said...

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Ch 6- Individual Participation Constitution said remarkably little about who would be allowed to vote. The only clause in the original document that mentioned voting was in the Article I, section 2. “Electors” for the House of Representatives were to have the “Qualifications requisite for Electors of the most numerous Branch of the State Legislature. Thus, voter eligibility was left with the states, which could pretty much any standards they wanted as long as they applied those same standards to the lower houses of their own state legislatures. In early days of the republic, most states limited the franchise to white male property holders. Although restrictions varied state to state and were unevenly enforced, property qualifications were gradually eliminated, but most states restricted the franchise to taxpayers until the 1850s. Not all voter qualifications were economic. Until the 1830s, a few states limited voting to those who professed belief tin a Christian God. Not until the eve of the Civil War could it be said that the U.S had universal white male suffrage (another term for the right to vote. Franchise: The right to vote. Voting Rights in the Amendment Process Between the Civil War and 1971 a series of constitutional amendments gradually expanded electoral access until today, when most Americans over 18 years of age hold the legal right to vote in federal elections. The fifteenth amendment- AA males can vote. The first state that allowed woman to vote- Wyoming. Nineteenth Amendment- Women Suffrage Twenty Sixth Amendment- voting age to 18. How Voting Rights Spread During the times of the war, for example, a disenfranchised group usually could expect to receive the suffrage in a t least some states as a reward for their military service- a process that opened the door for immigrants, for those who did not own property or pay taxes, and for young adults who were considered “old enough to fight, old enough to vote.” Democrats were against women suffrage. They believed that the women would vote against labor unions, liquor interests, and machine politicians. Southern Democrats worried, moreover, that granting voting rights to women would encourage African American st demand greater access to the ballot. Why People Participate: Costs and Benefits
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This note was uploaded on 09/25/2010 for the course PHYS 302L taught by Professor Tsoi during the Spring '10 term at University of Texas.

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Ch 6 - Ch 6 Individual Participation Constitution said...

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