Ch 9 Government - Ch 9 The Media Mass Media Means of...

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Ch 9: The Media Mass Media: Means of communication that are widely affordable and technologically capable of reaching a broad audience. The Partisan Press and the Penny Press From 1787- Civil War almost all newspapers were openly and explicitly partisan They often announced the partisanship proudly, often at the top of their mastheads, and consciously tried to bring a partisan perspective to their writing. Most of these papers also received some kind of subsidy or patronage from the party’s supporters in government. Alexander Hamilton- Gazette of the United States- gave the paper most of the Treasury Departments’ printing business. Thomas Jefferson- National Gazette- not a great deal of official printing business, put Philip Freneau on the State Department payroll. In the early 1830’s- penny press. Penny papers were aimed at a larger, less educated, and less elite audience. Penny press- different from the earlier newspapers- less flowery and simple. People couldn’t make mundane stories seem interesting, they began to rely on official proclamations and letter from readers, and hire reporters. Newspapers and Magazines, 1865-1920 Although most newspapers still had some kind of partisan affiliation, they increasingly relegated it or so they claimed) to the editorial pages. Partisanship was not supposed to affect new stories. The 1890s and early 1900s are sometimes called the era of “yellow journalism,” when many newspapers eagerly exploited scandals and any story involving sex or violence. Although newpaper were clearly the dominant medium of this era, magazines were also influential. Magazines were in sense, the first major national medium. In the early 1900s, these magazines began to publish articles exposing political corruption known as “muckracking”, these expose became a major national phenomenon attracting considerable attention and often prompting reform movements. Many modern-day investigators reporters model themselves after the muckrackers. Radio and Television 1. Licensing System . In order for the radio to work, two stations could not broadcast on the same frequency: Conflicting and overlapping signals would prevent any one message from getting through in an understandable form. The Radio Act created the Federal Communications Commission
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Ch 9 Government - Ch 9 The Media Mass Media Means of...

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