Gov't ch 10 - Electing the President Evolution of the...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Electing the President Evolution of the Nomination Process: 1. The electors, meeting in their respective states, would scatter their votes among a large number of candidates, no one of whom would have a majority. 2. The top five finishers in the initial balloting would thus, in effect, be “nominated” with the final choice then made by the House of Representatives. 3. The congressional caucus was the major though not the exclusive, means for nominating presidential candidates between 1796 and 1824. 4. Sine critics felt that involving Congress in the selection of presidential candidates implicitly violates the constitutionally prescribed separation of powers. 5. By the 1840s both the Democrats and Whigs were nominating their presidential and vice presidential candidates by the national conventions. 6. In the early twentieth century, spurred by the Progressive movement, a handful of state legislatures required that the state parties select their national convention delegates through primary elections, rather than the state conventions. ( Also known as the “mixed system” it was used both by Democrats and Republicans between 1912-1968. Contemporay Nomination process Controversial Democratic nomination race of 1968. Many people were angry about the Johnson administration, due to the Vietnam War. Two antiwar candidates won almost all of the primaries: Eugene McCarthy and Robert Kennedy. But the democratic national convention decided to nominate the vice president, Hubert Humprey ( who had not enter a single primary ). Ted Kennedy was assassinated just after winning the California primary. New set of rules were adopted by 1972. Changes affected both the Democrats and Republicans. New Rules 1. By primary elections: Characterized by the sharp increase in Presidential Primaries, it has progressively increased over time. Unlike the pre-1972 primaries, the new rules generally required that delegate selection be directly tied to the presidential preference vote cast in the primaries. Delegates were almost always elected in ways that made them little more than messenger; pledge to vote for a specific candidate. 2. By Caucuses. A small number of states continue to select their delegates through the party-run caucuses: Meetings of candidate supporters who choose delegates to a state or national convention. Generally begins with the party with party meetings held in each town or precinct in the state. These precinct caucuses are select delegates to county, congressional district, or state conventions, and it is only at these latter meeting the national convention delegates are chosen. Difference between Caucuses and Primaries
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 09/25/2010 for the course PHYS 302L taught by Professor Tsoi during the Spring '10 term at University of Texas.

Page1 / 5

Gov't ch 10 - Electing the President Evolution of the...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online