3325 study guide - Chapter 1 Introduction What to Emphasize...

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Chapter 1 Introduction What to Emphasize in Studying This Chapter You should know the preliminary definition of personality, the differences between three major methods of studying personality, the meaning of reliability and validity of personality tests, and the difference between projective and objective personality tests. Multiple Choice Questions 1. Which of the following is an important concept relating to the preliminary definition of personality? a. consciousness b. individual differences c. character d. inter-item reliability 2. Which best fits the preliminary definition of personality? a. personality is something that exists outside a person b. personality has three main components c. personality is basically the same as "consciousness" and is the opposite of unconsciousness d. personality is a set of degrees falling along several behavioral dimensions 3. Which is a basic assumption that lies behind the preliminary definition of personality? a. people tend to behave consistently from one situation to the next b. no aspect of any person's personality matches an aspect of any other person's personality c. the personalities of different people do not differ very much d. a person's personality tends to change significantly over even a rather short period of time 4. Which of the following is closest to the meaning of "reliability"? a. repeatability b. meaningfulness c. verifiability d. significance 5. Which of the following is what is predicted in "predictive validity"? a. thoughts b. character c. spirituality d. behavior 6. Which is a problem with a"case history"? a. it is no good for illustrating a point b. it is no good for providing an example of a kind of person c. it will not be representative of most people d. it will not be useful as a teaching tool 7.Which is the major problem with the correlational method? a. it can never be scientific b. it can never say anything trustworthy about cause and effect c. it cannot involve the assignment of numbers observations d. it is less scientific than the case history method
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8. All except one of the following is relevant to the experimental method. Which is NOT relevant to the experimental method? a. correlation coefficient b. independent variables c. dependent variables d. statistical significance 9. Which of the following is an example of a projective test? a. any multiple choice test b. any test c. The Mulberry Instinctive Test d. the Rorschach Test 10. Which of the following is an example of an objective test? a. any multiple choice test b. any test c. The Mulberry Instinctive Test d. the Rorschach Test 11.In comparing Asians and whites, what did Hibbard et al. (2000) find? a. no differences on any scales b. whites scored higher on repression c. Asians scored lower on Denial d. Asians and whites were on the opposite ends of the Faking scale
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This note was uploaded on 09/25/2010 for the course PSYCH 3325 taught by Professor Sheridan during the Spring '10 term at University of Houston.

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3325 study guide - Chapter 1 Introduction What to Emphasize...

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