4.1.2 PortugueseExploration

4.1.2 PortugueseExploration - The Golden Age of Portuguese...

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Unformatted text preview: The Golden Age of Portuguese The Golden Age of Portuguese Exploration The House of Aviz in the 15th century Spain and Portugal in Early 10th Century Spain and Portugal in Early 10 Portugal during the Reconquista Portugal during the Reconquista Lisbon recovered from the Moors in AD 1147 Alfonso I recognized as first king of independent Portugal in AD 1179 Moors expelled from southern Portugal by mid­13th century Portugal gains independence from Castile by late 14th century Joao I (1385­1433) Joao I (1385­1433) Founded House of Aviz Brought order and stability to Portugal Portuguese overseas expansion began during his reign Prince Henry the Navigator Prince Henry the Navigator Son of Joao I Convinced father to invade Muslim port at Ceuta in 1415 Used Order of Christ position to promote exploration in 15th century Access to Sahara trade routes Sought expansion of Portuguese trade Developments under Henry’s tutelage Developments under Henry’s tutelage Used equipment such as compass and astrolabe Mapped prevailing winds and currents over most of the world Studied designs of Arab vessels and perfected them Led to creation of the caravel Mounted heavy guns on decks of the ships Modern reconstruction of a caravel Modern reconstruction of a caravel Results of Henry’s explorers Results of Henry’s explorers Madeira and Azores islands colonized by 1430 Gil Eanes passes Cape Bojador in 1434 Nuno Tristao reaches Cape Blanco in 1441 Cape Verde reached by 1444 Explorers reach Sierra Leone by Henry’s death in 1460 Southern boundary of desert had been passed Access gained to lucrative slave trade Madeira Madeira Portuguese slave trading fortress of Elmina Portuguese slave trading fortress of Elmina Great­grandson of Joao I Broke power of growing aristocracy Restored policy of Atlantic exploration Joao II (1481­1495) Joao II (1481­1495) Congo River reached in 1484 Sao Tome and Principe settled in 1493 Organized expedition in search of “Prester John” Prester John, the mythical Christian emperor Prester John, the mythical Christian emperor Bartolomeu Dias Bartolomeu Dias Hired by Joao II to find trade route to Asia Rounds Cape of Good Hope in February 1488 Died at sea near Cape in 1500 Europeans could trade directly with India and Asia Middle East middlemen would be bypassed Voyage of Vasco da Gama, 1497­98 Voyage of Vasco da Gama, 1497­98 Legacy of Portuguese exploration Legacy of Portuguese exploration Chain of naval bases extended from East Africa to the Moluccas Moluccas became Asian center of seaborne empire No major attempt to establish colonies Brazil discovered in 1500 by Pedro Alvares Cabral Spices provide most of wealth from region Asian and African trade provide 2/3 of state revenues ...
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