HUM 2 Lecture 15 - Lecture 15 May 18, 2010 I. Historical...

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May 18, 2010 I. Historical Context a. Chardi wrote the intros i. He consulted a lot of scholars while reading, and was an American Poet ii. In the early 14 th century, so there are early commentaries that puzzle out what Dante was saying, and what he was doing iii. The intro to the Pentacles were written by many famous poets b. The Reform of the Church i. End of the 10 th century, the church was fully integrated to European society ii. The church was under the control of the secular parties iii. There were churches in every small villages, so there are still many churches that can be found today throughout Europe, all made of stone, because the wooden ones have fallen and were burnt down iv. The churches were managed by the local land lord of the village, and was integrated into the society, with an appointed village priest who had a wife and children v. His economic foundation of this church was a patch of land, which the villagers and priest worked vi. The priest received his income the same way as the rest of the village vii. The spiritual place was meant to provide religion, but it was more of a business as usual, not the spiritual area that it was viii.The Church wanted Reform 1. Priests to be educated, learning Latin 2. Priests were to be suitable for priesthood, meaning they all had the same goals 3. Bishops were noble interests, and were appointed by the noble families, so they were not dedicated to leading the church to its spiritual welfare of its members ix. In 1050’s, they instituted a reform program 1. They held councils, and because Rome was dangerous, the Pope and his assistants abandoned the city, leaving it in the hands of a local who had the title “archdeacon” 2. This was the chief administrative officer of a dieses 3. Archdeacons were always considered corrupt, so the one they left behind was named Hildebrand, a member of the leading Roman family, who had recently converted from Judaism 4. Hildebrand was able to play the politics of the city brilliantly, and eventually was successful in gaining control of the city from the families, and established papal authority for the Pope to return x. The Pope went north to reform, communicating the new legislation 1. Clerical celibacy, they say it was originally in their orders, but it was not 2. The son of a priest cannot inherit his father’s priest, so family cannot control a church 3. Education of clergy, meaning they should be moral, spiritual, and defining qualities they want xi. They must separate the church from secular power if they plan on changing anything, so in 1059, the campaign established a college of cardinals 1. Before this, the emperor chose the pope, or whoever had authority over the throne 2. This legislation declared the choice of the pope shall be in the cardinals, which means the person who has the right to say mass in the church in the Dieses 3. This group of assistants became a group to select the Pope, which goes away after they have chosen xii. They begin to prohibit laying investiture
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This note was uploaded on 09/25/2010 for the course HUMANITIES Hum 2 taught by Professor Caciola during the Spring '09 term at UCSD.

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HUM 2 Lecture 15 - Lecture 15 May 18, 2010 I. Historical...

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