HUM 2 Lecture 16 - Lecture 16 May 20, 2010 I. The Divine...

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Lecture 16 May 20, 2010 I. The Divine Comedy a. Highly structured i. All the works we’ve read has a structural component, with Virgil have 12 books, Augustine having 13 books, and Dante’s book has 3 pieces, and 33 each which is the age of Jesus ii. If you watch Gothic architecture, the mid 12 th century architecture was structured with proportions in mind, which was supposed to reflect the structure of the universe iii. You were walking into the model of the universe iv. Even the sculptures in the churches, such as saints, were done on mathematical principals v. Roman architecture was replaced by Gothic, but in southern Europe, Roman was kept, all churches had straight angles, while gothic architecture had oblique angles, meaning more complex mathematical form b. Canto I i. An introduction, and the first line tells us what tradition we are part of, “midway in our life”, and we instantly know that we are in Augustine’s world ii. He came to his senses, and he turns to go into a different direction, in the midpoint of our life, universalizing the account 1. Although it is his experience, he tells us it is universally true of all of us iii. Psalm 89 is where the traditional idea that the life is traditionally 70 years, with 35 the midpoint 1. 35 is the beginning of adulthood, where a person is expected to take control and responsibility of his own life iv. This is the moment where he comes to his senses and comes to his senses, and recognizes he is lost in a dark wood v. You understand that the wood which is a common feature of northern Europe, with dark, tall, dense trees, and is the place of spiritual confusion 1. He is in a state of spiritual confusion, and he recalls Virgil’s Aeneid, because when Aeneas goes into the underworld, he goes first into the forest 2. He is looking for something he cannot find unless he is fated to find it, and in the third line he mentions the straight and the crooked path, which means you are confused vi. In 7-9, death could scarce be more bitter than that place, it is a kind of death worse than physical death, meaning it is eternal 1. It is a place more bitter than death, and it comes out well in the end 2. Death turns out well in the sense that Christ’s real death did because it led to salvation vii. His crooked path is really an illusion, much like what Augustine said about his own crooked path viii. The roots of God is necessarily crooked because it has to go through the world, because the world is a rough place
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ix. He sees the sun that leads the way everywhere, because light is a necessary component of finding his way, and so he tries to climb the hill to the light, and it is the mount calling forth other mounts such as Sinai, and Golgotha 1. That mount is in the form of the mount of purgatory, at the top of which is the Garden of Eden x. He is trying to straighten himself out, and he takes up the mountain but he is confronted by three beasts 1. No western European would have seen a lion or a leopard, but maybe a she-wolf, yet
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HUM 2 Lecture 16 - Lecture 16 May 20, 2010 I. The Divine...

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