HUM 2 Lecture 8 - Lecture 8 I Gospel of John A Other...

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Lecture 8 April 22, 2010 I. Gospel of John A. Other Gospels 1. The books in the new testament were identified and pulled together in the 2 nd century, and there were groups who considered them the sacred books and rejected others 2. Lots of other Christians had other books, which were not seen or recognized 3. The group that recognized the books defined the new testament was done in 350 CE B. John was written in the 90 CE 1. Some 60 years after the events is when John was written 2. It can be seen that the Christian community, he was drawing Gentiles, who were interested in the Bible and teachings, and Paul found an audience with many preachers 3. From the 40’s on, the church was more and more Gentile, but were very small 4. Gentiles spoke mainly Greek, the work they did was Judaic, that took place amongst Jews speaking Aramaic C. John is the most philosophical 1. He didn’t actually used anything other than Luke, and the last chapter was added after his death 2. He claims to have been an original apostle, who is closest to Jesus, made by a man who was elderly in his 70’s D. None of the Gospels have a name, “I Mark; I Luke . . .” E. There is a large amount of Greek influence 1. The sought explanations, so there is a lot of speculation and philosophical work based mainly on Greek 2. They applied this to Jewish faith, and John reflects that 3. His story presents an explanation of the Christian doctrine, and what was his role using episodes from the life of Jesus, which you could take as points in what he meant 4. It took a few years, while the others are compressed 5. He goes from one thing to another, not in a story way, but rather in a way of illustrating different points 6. He talks about the last supper, with people lying down, much like the Symposium, so it reflects the Greeks F. He starts with “In the Beginning . . .” 1. It is a reference and an interpretation, with not just in the beginning of Genesis, and says the creation act was a speech act 2. What matters in the ‘word’, so what Jesus said actually accomplished things, not just speech 3. He is linking Jesus the speaker with God the creator of the old testament G. There is a constant reference to the margins, two states of being 1. The difference between Light and darkness a. When Judas leaves the feast, to do his deed, who goes out into the darkness b. It is a symbol and representation of what Jesus meant, Jesus was a light to God where you could see
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2. Everything is a meeting of the eternal into the temporal a. Changing water into wine b. The word ‘was’, while other things are ‘becoming’, meaning they exist in time and continue until they cease to exist, so the word is forever c. Jesus is eternal, and he is not H. There is an obsession with John the Baptist 1. John represented that Christians were anxious to defeat and bring the people in to the Christian movement I. He contrasts the divinity of Jesus with the characteristics of the world
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HUM 2 Lecture 8 - Lecture 8 I Gospel of John A Other...

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