HUM 2 Lecture 17 - Lecture 17 May 25, 2010 I. Questions in...

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Lecture 17 May 25, 2010 I. Questions in Section a. Idols in Hell i. Ancients were sinners against the pagan gods ii. Christians would not consider blasphemy against Zeus to be a sin iii. With Dante, you are dealing with a person of high intellect, and a very well educated man iv. The average person of his time would not aware of any of these things, and would view the world in a much simpler way v. Like pagan predecessors, Christians regard the world split into the scene and the unseen, but is real and full of beings vi. It is full of angels and demons, and they come and go and sometimes interact with the physical world, but are generally seen as pulling the strings vii. The pagan gods are demons, and not that they don’t exist, and are not regarded as inhabiting idols, and are just clay and wood, while the gods were demons viii.If you rebelled against demons, how would you end up in hell? It deals with pre-Christian and Christian ix. Souls are there before Jesus came, before it was possible to believe, and Dante knew about those gods, and so the rebellion against those demons was a rebellion against authority x. That is the sin being punished with people such as Ulysses, who stole the Palladium, which was the idol of Athena, which was sacrilege, taking from a holy place, and he knew what he was doing xi. Oedipus is sinful in the divine level, but innocent on the human level, because he did not know what he was doing xii. In the divine level, if you violate nature, which puts you out of ordinary society, and so you get punished xiii.A person who rebels against the gods was a human sin, who knew what they were doing, but because they were gods in the first place, they were still not innocent xiv.If you commit a sin intending to commit a sin offends God, because you have the knowledge to commit sin, so the intention is the crime II. The Inferno a. Canto IX i. Line 131, Dante mentions that they turned right, which is the first place where you get a reference to the direction they’re going in ii. They are going right for a little bit so they can walk with the heretic iii. We start at the top in the beginning iv. The sun goes from the east to the west, since the 19 th century, we orient north with up, but before then, the maps were oriented with the south, so the sun went from left to right v. We find that they are going left because they are going into hell, against the divine direction, and moreover, they are going in a spiral 1. This is the motion of human life, linear in that it proceeds through time, but everything happens to everyone, and it is cyclical 2. What happens to us are all the same, so there is a circularity to human existence 3. They go in a linear historical pattern which is moral, amoral action like falling water is repetitive, but moral action is historical and is on a time path 4. If you combine the two motions of the circle and the path of historical lines, you get a spiral, which is modeled by the crooked vi. We go right for a little, because heretics were rebels against truth, wrong thinkers, which is against the natural direction to the left
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1. Another reason you go right, we have a bilateral brain, and in medieval times,
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This note was uploaded on 09/25/2010 for the course HUMANITIES Hum 2 taught by Professor Caciola during the Spring '09 term at UCSD.

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HUM 2 Lecture 17 - Lecture 17 May 25, 2010 I. Questions in...

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