Tajfel billig bundy and flament 1971 further devised

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Unformatted text preview: ribute to prejudice. Tajfel, Billig, Bundy and Flament (1971) further devised the minimal groups paradigm to illustrate the necessary condition for group identification, stating that merely categorizing people into group is sufficient to induce the general characteristics. Besides, group interaction would almost inevitably induce intergroup competitions, the realistic conflict between group could also accentuate the negative stereotypes on the out-group. Some empirical data disconfirmed the minimal groups paradigm by showing that social categorization is not sufficient for intergroup behavior (Grieve & Hogg, 1999). Moreover, since many variables are operating in intergroup studies, this approach has also been criticized on being unable to identify causal relationship between group formation and prejudice due to potential confounding (Dion, 1979; Turner, 1981). Learning approachLearning theories provide a way of understanding how behavior develops and propagate among generation. Dominant learning theories concerning prejudice include modeling, association learning and respond conditioning. Modeling, which is also known as learning by vicarious experience in social learning theory (Bandura, 1973), refers to learning a behavior through observing another individual en...
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