Apology notes2

Apology notes2 - Plato's Apology of Socrates Plato's...

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Plato's Apology of Socrates Plato's Apology is called an apology because 'apologia' means "defense" in Greek. The Apology breaks down into three speeches: the Apology proper, in which Socrates defends himself (17a-35d). the Sentence Hearing speech, in which Socrates proposes a penalty for himself (35e-38b). Socrates' last words to the jury (38b-end). You should know that there are other dialogues which portray Socrates just before the trial: the Euthyphro is set immediately before the trial, apparently, and the Theaetetus , which we will read later, is set before that. There are also dialogues set after the Apology : the Crito is set soon after the trial, and the Phaedo , which we will also read later, portrays Socrates' death. You might want to remember that I have put this summary of the Apology up here, in case you are looking for a particular passage. The Defense Speech Two sets of accusers : the old and the new. Socrates first deals with the old accusers (18b-24b), followed by the new charges and one of the accusers, Meletus (24b-28a) (the other two accusers are Anytus and Lycon). The old accusers are not specific people, but rather all those things which have influenced the jury's opinion of Socrates in a negative fashion up until the New Accusers brought charges against Socrates. They include one individual whose work we have, Aristophanes, whose Clouds is a hilarious comedy which pillories a character named "Socrates" for teaching ridiculous things. It was produced over 20 years before the trial. Among the old accusers' charges are that Socrates makes the worse argument the stronger . That is simply a way to say that Socrates is a sophist or a rhetorician. Furthermore, Socrates is said to be a student of things in the sky and below the earth (18c): that is simply a way to say that Socrates is a nature philosopher, like Heraclitus, Parmenides, and Democritus, whom I talked about the first class. During the defense against the old accusers,
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Apology notes2 - Plato's Apology of Socrates Plato's...

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