Arguments against the existence of God

Arguments against the existence of God - Arguments against...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Arguments against the existence of God Each of the following arguments aims at showing either that a particular subset of gods do not exist (by showing them as inherently meaningless, contradictory , or at odds with known scientific or historical facts) or that there is insufficient reason to believe in them. Empirical arguments Empirical arguments depend on empirical data in order to prove their conclusions. The argument from inconsistent revelations contests the existence of the deity called God as described in scriptures — such as the Jewish Tanakh , the Christian Bible , or the Muslim Qur'an — by identifying apparent contradictions between different scriptures, within a single scripture, or between scripture and known facts. To be effective this argument requires the other side to hold that its scriptural record is inerrant , or to conflate the record itself with the God it describes. The problem of evil contests the existence of a god who is both omnipotent and omnibenevolent by arguing that such a god should not permit the existence of evil or suffering . The theist responses are called theodicies . The argument from poor design contests the idea that God created life on the basis that life- forms, including humans, seem to exhibit poor design. The argument from nonbelief contests the existence of an omnipotent God who wants humans to believe in him by arguing that such a god would do a better job of gathering believers. The argument from parsimony contends that since natural (non-supernatural) theories adequately explain the development of religion and belief in gods, [22] the actual existence of such supernatural agents is superfluous and may be dismissed unless otherwise proven to be required to explain the phenomenon. It is argued that belief in God does not help make accurate predictions of future events in the real
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 3

Arguments against the existence of God - Arguments against...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online