Euthyphro notes

Euthyphro notes - Euthyphro's First Proposal The pious is...

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Euthyphro's First Proposal The pious is to prosecute the wrongdoer and the impious is not to prosecute the wrongdoer. Euthyphro gives an argument in favor of this proposal: 1. Zeus prosecuted his wrongdoing father. 2. Zeus is a god. 3. What the gods do is pious. [This premise is implicit] Therefore, 4. To prosecute the wrongdoer is pious. Socrates objects that this proposal lacks generality . It does not apply to all pious acts, only that of prosecuting the wrongdoer. To state what piety is, one must produce "that form itself that makes all pious acts pious." From this objection we learn a criterion for a good account of a kind of thing: Specific instances fall under a kind by virtue of a form that makes it a thing of that kind. Euthyphro's Second Proposal The pious is that is loved by the gods, while the impious is that which is hated by them. So being dear to the gods is the form by which all pious acts are pious. There is sufficient generality. In fact, this generality is implicit in Euthyphro's argument for the first proposal. But Socrates objects to this modified proposal on the grounds that there is no conformity among the objects dear to the gods. They disagree about the "just, beautiful, ugly, good and bad." Euthyphro modifies the second proposal to overcome this objection. One need only restrict
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This note was uploaded on 09/25/2010 for the course BIO 2000 taught by Professor Baxt during the Fall '08 term at St. John's.

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Euthyphro notes - Euthyphro's First Proposal The pious is...

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