Ch3 - Structural isomers Fig. 3-6, p. 51 Monosaccharides...

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The Chemistry of Life: Organic Compounds Chapter 3
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Fig. 3-1, p. 46 Carbon is the central component of organic compounds each carbon atom forms four covalent bonds, producing a wide variety of shapes
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Dimethyl ether (C 2 H 6 O) Ethanol (C 2 H 6 O) Isomers Structural isomers
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Isomers Geometric (stereo) isomers ( cis–trans isomers) cis -2-butene trans -2-butene
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Isomers Enantiomers:
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Polar groups make the molecule soluble in water (hydrophilic) Table 3-1a, p. 49 Only if free in cytosol
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Table 3-1b, p. 49 Disulfide bridges between amino acids important in protein folding, and protein structure.
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Condensation and Hydrolysis
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Carbohydrates (a) Triose sugars (3-carbon sugars) simplest
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Unformatted text preview: Structural isomers Fig. 3-6, p. 51 Monosaccharides (b) Pentose sugars (5-carbon sugars) (c) Hexose sugars (6-carbon sugars) Fig 3-8: Disaccharides (rings in solution) Fig 3-9: Polysaccharides • Starch Fig 3-12: Triacylglycerol (triglyceride) Monoacylglycerol e.g.Palmitic Diacylglycerol, e.g. oleic Triacylglycerol e.g. linoleic Fig. 3-13, p. 58 Phospholipid - cell membrane component e.g phosphatidylcholine Steroids Proteins • • Polypeptides Primary Structure • Linear sequence of amino acids in polypeptide chain Glucagon Secondary Structure Tertiary Structure...
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This note was uploaded on 09/25/2010 for the course BIOLOGY Biology 10 taught by Professor D'arville during the Spring '10 term at Rutgers.

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Ch3 - Structural isomers Fig. 3-6, p. 51 Monosaccharides...

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