PHIL110ExamReview - The Hebrew Bible (Lectures/Readings)...

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The Hebrew Bible (Lectures/Readings) Pre-Questions Jeremiah o Warning Israelites that Babylonians would destroy the 1 st temple it they kept on breaking their covenant with their Yahweh. Ancient Israelites believed in Henotheism? o In the combat Gods, they were henothestic. Important Dates 1400 BCE – Enuma elish written 1200 BCE – Israel develops o Near Eastern religions had already developed Mesopotamia Canaanite 586 BCE – First temple destroyed by Babylonians o Hebrew Bible was created o Scholars think Genesis was written here o Israel seemed to lose its heart. o Oral Hebrew traditions had to be written down 586-539 BCE – period of exile 540 BCE o Cyrus took over Babylonia and allowed Jews to return to their homeland o Final edition of Torah was made. 70 CE - Destruction of the Second Temple o End to temple based religion Terms Reform – helped produce diverse branches of Judaism Theophanies – mysterious contacts with God Prophets – Human Beings who spoke in God’s name Sabbath – developed after first temple destroyed. Service of worship. Cuneiform – text in which enuma elish is written on. Henotheism – worshipping a one god while accepting existence of other gods. Ancient Israelites Tiamat (old god) and Marduk (Ea’s son) o Marduk challenges Tiamat and kills her. o Tears her body apart to create world
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Kingu (Qingu) o Tiamat’s son appointed to kill young Gods o Blood used to create humans Baal o Great fertility God o Vs. Yam o Baals defeats Yamm o Does not create anything. o Another Myth, Vs. Mot Baal killed, rain stops to fall and fertility falls Baal alive, rain falls and fertility continues Yamm (Yam) o Also called Nahar, Tannin, Lotan, Seven headed one Mot o Fights Baal o God of sterility and Death o Anat kills Mot which brings Baal back to life Exodus o Book of the Torah, of the Hebrew Bible o Describe in detail the migration back to Isreal Moses at Mount Sinai, meeting with God, Ten commandments Exile o Period of exile in Babylonia o Developed the Sabbath Lecture Notes Stories of creation derive from earlier Mesopotamian Tales Western religions – Islam, Christianity, and Judiasm o View Timed as Linear Acts of Yahweh is focus Eastern o View time as cyclically Marduk and Tiamat fought every year (seen as a reoccurring event) – Mesapotomia Cycle of Nature is focus Israel as Latecomer Genesis strongly influenced by Mesopotamia (Babylonian) and Canaan. o Enuma Elish o Baal epic (combat myth) Baal and Mot, Anat(Baal’s sister kills Mot) Humanity last act of creation in both Genesis and Enuma Elish
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Hittite Soverign-Vassal Treaties o Isreaelites turned this political concept and turned it into a religious one.
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PHIL110ExamReview - The Hebrew Bible (Lectures/Readings)...

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