solution8_pdf - valdez (vv689) Homework #8 Holcombe (52460)...

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Unformatted text preview: valdez (vv689) Homework #8 Holcombe (52460) 1 This print-out should have 15 questions. Multiple-choice questions may continue on the next column or page find all choices before answering. 001 10.0 points Which of the following is NOT true for a solution buffered at a selected pH? 1. The solution pH will not change with the addition of an acid. correct 2. The buffered solution could be made to be either acidic or basic. 3. The buffered solution contains an acid and its conjugate base. 4. The solution pH will increase a lesser amount than a non-buffered solution, when base is added. Explanation: Buffers are solutions which contain compar- ative amounts of a conjugate weak acid/base part and allow for only small changes in the pH of a chemical system, compared to non- buffered solutions, when an acid or a base is introduced. 002 10.0 points What is the pH of a solution containing 0.3 M NH 4 Cl and 0.6 M NH 3 ? The p K a of the ammonium ion is 9.25. 1. 12.25 2. 9.55 correct 3. 8.95 4. 4.45 5. 5.05 Explanation: For NH + 4 , p K a = 9.25 p K b = p K w- p K a = 14- 9 . 25 = 4 . 75 p K b =- log K b K b = 10- p K b = 10- 4 . 75 = 1 . 77828 10- 5 Building an ICE using molarities, NH 3 (aq)+H 2 O( ) NH + 4 (aq)+OH- (aq) 0.6- x + x + x . 6- x . 3 + x + x K b = [NH + 4 ] [OH- ] [NH 3 ] = (0 . 3 + x ) x . 6- x . 3 x . 6 x = . 6 K b . 3 = . 6 (1 . 77828 10- 5 ) . 3 = 3 . 55656 10- 5 = [OH- ] [H + ] = K w [OH- ] = 1 10- 14 3 . 55656 10- 5 = 2 . 81171 10- 10 Thus pH =- log(2 . 81171 10- 10 ) = 9 . 55103 003 10.0 points What is the pH of an aqueous solution that is 0.10 M HCOOH ( K a = 1 . 8 10- 4 ) and 0.10 M NaHCO 2 ?...
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solution8_pdf - valdez (vv689) Homework #8 Holcombe (52460)...

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