Chapter 11 - 1 SOLUTIONS Definitions solvent bulk material...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
1 SOLUTIONS Definitions solvent – bulk material used to dissolve substance solute – material dissolved in solvent Examples 1) salt water solvent – water solute – salt 2) dish water solvent – water solute – dish soap 3) engine coolant solvent – ethylene glycol solute – water Types of solutions Gas in Gas Oxygen in Nitrogen Gas in Liquid Carbon dioxide in Water Liquid in Liquid Oil in Gasoline Solid in Liquid Salt water, Nail polish in nail polish remover Solid in Solid Brass (Zinc in Copper) FACTORS IN SOLUTION FORMATION Intermolecular Forces When attractions between solute molecules and solvent molecules are strong, solutions are able to form. Solute molecules are surrounded by solvent molecules. (solvent cage) + O H H O H H O H H O H H O H H O H H C C H H H H O H H O H H O H H
Image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon