# hw 13 - rhodes(ajr2283 HW13 Gilbert(56380 This print-out...

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rhodes (ajr2283) – HW13 – Gilbert – (56380) 1 This print-out should have 26 questions. Multiple-choice questions may continue on the next column or page – find all choices before answering. 001 10.0 points Determine f x + f y when f ( x, y ) = 2 x 2 + xy 4 y 2 + x + 3 y . 1. f x + f y = 5 x + 9 y + 4 2. f x + f y = 3 x 7 y 2 3. f x + f y = 3 x + 9 y 2 4. f x + f y = 5 x 7 y 2 5. f x + f y = 3 x + 9 y + 4 6. f x + f y = 5 x 7 y + 4 correct Explanation: After differentiation we see that f x = 4 x + y + 1 , f y = x 8 y + 3 . Consequently, f x + f y = 5 x 7 y + 4 . 002 10.0 points From the contour map of f shown below decide whether f x , f y are positive, negative, or zero at P . 0 0 2 2 4 4 6 6 P x y 1. f x < 0 , f y < 0 2. f x < 0 , f y > 0 3. f x > 0 , f y < 0 4. f x < 0 , f y = 0 5. f x > 0 , f y > 0 6. f x > 0 , f y = 0 correct Explanation: When we walk in the x -direction from P we are walking uphill, so f x > 0. On the other hand, when we walk in the y -direction from P our elevation doesn’t change because we are walking along a contour, so f y = 0. Consequently, at P f x > 0 , f y = 0 . keywords: contour map, slope, partial deriva- tive, 003 10.0 points Determine whether the partial derivatives f x , f y of f are positive, negative or zero at the point P on the graph of f shown in P x z y

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rhodes (ajr2283) – HW13 – Gilbert – (56380) 2 1. f x < 0 , f y = 0 2. f x < 0 , f y < 0 3. f x = 0 , f y > 0 correct 4. f x < 0 , f y > 0 5. f x = 0 , f y < 0 6. f x > 0 , f y > 0 7. f x = 0 , f y = 0 8. f x > 0 , f y = 0 Explanation: The value of f x at P is the slope of the tangent line to graph of f at P in the x - direction, while f y is the slope of the tangent line in the y -direction. Thus the sign of f x indicates whether f is increasing or decreasing in the x -direction, or whether the tangent line in that direction at P is horizontal. Similarly, the value of f y at P is the slope of the tangent line at P in the y -direction, and so the sign of f y indicates whether f is increasing or decreasing in the y -direction, or whether the tangent line in that direction at P is horizontal. From the graph it thus follows that at P f x = 0 , f y > 0 . keywords: surface, partial derivative, first or- der partial derivative, graphical interpreta- tion 004 10.0 points Determine f x when f ( x, y ) = x + 2 y 2 x + y . 1. f x = 4 x (2 x + y ) 2 2. f x = 3 x (2 x + y ) 2 3. f x = 3 y (2 x + y ) 2 correct 4. f x = 5 x (2 x + y ) 2 5. f x = 4 y (2 x + y ) 2 6. f x = 5 y (2 x + y ) 2 Explanation: From the Quotient Rule we see that f x = (2 x + y ) 2( x + 2 y ) (2 x + y ) 2 . Consequently, f x = 3 y (2 x + y ) 2 . 005 10.0 points Find the slope in the x -direction at the point P (0 , 2 , f (0 , 2)) on the graph of f when f ( x, y ) = 4( y 2 x 2 ) ln( x + y ) . 1. slope = 16 2. slope = 12 3. slope = 8 correct 4. slope = 10 5. slope = 14 Explanation: The graph of f is a surface in 3-space and the slope in the x -direction at the point P (0 , 2 , f (0 , 2)) on that surface is the value of the partial derivative f x at (0 , 2). Now f x = 4 parenleftbigg 2 x ln( x + y ) + y 2 x 2 x + y parenrightbigg .
rhodes (ajr2283) – HW13 – Gilbert – (56380) 3 Consequently, at P (0 , 2 , f (0 , 2)) slope = 2 × 4 = 8 .

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