Intro, Definitions, Theories, & Methods_OUTLINE

Intro, Definitions, Theories, & Methods_OUTLINE -...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style 9/28/10 PSY 336 Developmental Psychology Sarah V. Spencer
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9/28/10 Developmental Psychology Development is not the study of children or adolescents per se
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9/28/10 What is Developmental Psychology? 3 developmental domains 1. Physical/Biological 2. Cognitive 3. Social/Emotional
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9/28/10 Domains of Development Physical/Biological Development Growth and change in a person’s body and bodily functions Cognitive Development Development of mental processes used to process information, grow in awareness, solve problems, and gain knowledge Social-Emotional Development What is Developmental Psychology?
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Physiolog ical/ Biological Social/ Emotional Cognitive/ Language Development Over time… Concept ion Adultho od
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Emotion Regulation Prefrontal Cortex Infant- Caregiver Relationshi ps Executive Functions
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9/28/10 Continuous/ continuity : view of developmental as smooth and gradual (quantitative change) Heterotypic Continuity-looks continuous but looks diff at diff times Homotypic Continuity-same throughout Discontinuous/discontinuity:view of developmenas abrupt and unstable, made up of qualitative shifts/changes and stages /Discontinuity : View of development as abrupt and unstable, made up of Definitions
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9/28/10 Endogenous : Causes of development that arise as a consequence of the individual’s biological heritage (“Inside” influences). Exogenous: causes of development that arise from the environment. Exogenous : Causes of development that arise from the environment (adults) Plasticity : the capacity for different areas (neurons) of the brain to take on new functions (re-organize the brain). Dynamic Bi-Directional Interactions: multi influences in both directions : Definitions
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Continuity vs. Discontinuity
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9/28/10 Definitions Dynamic Bi-Directional Interactions : Mutual influences in both directions Birth Complications Maternal Anxiety Difficult Temperament Maternal Avoidance Child Language Delay
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9/28/10 Infancy : Birth to 18 months Early Childhood : 18 months to 6 years Middle Childhood : 6 to 12 (second decade) Adolescence Early: (12/13) to 16 years Late 16 to 18 years Emerging Adulthood : 18 to 23/24 years Adulthood : 23/24 years and older Aging : Definitions
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Click to edit Master subtitle style 9/28/10 Theories and Models of Development “I wished, by treating Psychology like a natural science, to help her to become one.” W. James (1892)
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9/28/10 Theories of Human Development Darwin, Lorenz, Tinbergen (Ethological Theories) Montessori’s Educational Philosophy Piaget’s Cognitive-Developmental Theory
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This note was uploaded on 09/27/2010 for the course PGY 166214 taught by Professor Hudson during the Fall '10 term at SUNY Buffalo.

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Intro, Definitions, Theories, & Methods_OUTLINE -...

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