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Operant conditioning

Operant conditioning - Stimulus generalization Tend To make...

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Operant conditioning Behavior is governed by consequences Process; changing behavior by following with consequences Thorndike (1874-1949) Law effect Rs favorable consequences with increase in p Rs unfavorable consequences will decrease in p B.F. Skinner Shaping- a technique for establishing a new response by reinforcing successive approximations Chaining- a procedure for developing a sequence of behaviors in which the reinforcement for one response is the opportunity to engage in the next response (often works backwards) Extinction Decrement in responding once response is not reinforced
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Unformatted text preview: Stimulus generalization Tend. To make sim. R to S that resembles an S that has been reinforced Discrimination Indicates on which occasions a R will be followed by a consequence Patterns, or schedules, affect our behavior Continuous vs. intermittent Intermittent: fixed or var? Reinforcement- event that increases future P of most recent R Punishment- event that decreases future P of most recent R Social learning approach Often learn consequences of behavior before we try them...
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