Social Processes

Social Processes - Being observed by others is...

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Social Processes: All of social psychology guided by principal that human are “social animals” Majority of behavior depends on behavior of conspecifics Other people influence us, though we are often unaware of it Mimicry: The Chameleon Effect: we unconsciously mimic other’ expressions, postures, and voice tones. Happens when you are attracted to a person May help us feel what others are feeling. Conformity: We adjust our behavior to follow group norms Norms: unwritten expectations or standards of behavior Why? In order to gain approval or avoid censure (rejection) Norm following most likely when: People think they will be observed A person likes/admires the group A person feels uncertain or insecure We adjust our beliefs to reflect others’ views or opinions Especially when answer is unclear Asch’s conformity experiments: Use others judgments to make decisions
Background image of page 1
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: Being observed by others is psychologically arousing This can lead to social facilitation: enhanced performance on a well-established skill But can be detrimental in other contexts Acting as a group can reduce sense of personal responsibility This can lead to social loafing: decreased performance relative to working alone This can also lead to deindividuation: reduced inhibition when acting as a group Humans prefer to think in terms of people as focus of action Bias towards perceiving, thinking about, remembering people vs. non-personal phenomena Fundamental attribution error: observers underestimate impact of the situation and overestimate impact of personal characteristics The fundamental attribution error doesnt apply to the self Self-esteem may be our sense of acceptance by the group Cognitive dissonance:...
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 09/27/2010 for the course PGY 166214 taught by Professor Hudson during the Fall '10 term at SUNY Buffalo.

Ask a homework question - tutors are online