The Social Psychology of Goodness

The Social Psychology of Goodness - Leads to matching...

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The Social Psychology of Goodness We form relationships with select others Self-enhancement extends to liked individuals What determines liking? Mere exposure: repeated encounters with novel stimuli increase liking True for people, too May explain effect of proximity on attraction A result of classical conditioning? Physical attractiveness Influence choice of romantic partner Influences other kinds of liking, too Attractive people perceived as “better” in many ways Attractive people are more socially competent Reflects action of self-fulfilling prophecies Similarity Liking highest for those who share our personality, interests, or attitudes Rewards In general, we seek attractive and similar individuals because of rewards they give us. Personal satisfaction Social status due to their perceived “value”
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Unformatted text preview: Leads to matching Partners and friends tend to be similar in attractiveness and other characteristics Maximizing rewards means partners and friends tend to be similar in attractiveness and other characteristics Exceptions tend to involve tradeoffsmismatched rewards that balance out We form groups Group: any possible combination of people, regardless of proximity, organization, and so on We like being and groups Self-enhancement applies to groups as well Ingroup bias: biased ratings and treatment of our group (ingroup) relative to another group Minimal groups Ingroup bias can emerge even when groups are defined by minimal criteria Prejudice Neuroscience: greater amygdala activation among whites when viewing African American faces...
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