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Annotated Bibliography Final

Annotated Bibliography Final - Staba 1 Joe Staba Mr Oakey...

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Staba 1 Joe Staba Mr. Oakey ENGL 1106 15 April 2010 Annotated Bibliography The purpose of my project is to explore music therapy and its effects on children with autism in comparison to other therapies. Duffy, Barbara, and Ray Fuller. "Role of Music Therapy in Social Skills Development in Children with Moderate Intellectual Disability." Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities 13. (200): 77-89. Web. 5 Apr 2010. This journal article is exploring exactly what I’m trying to state in my research paper. The reason this article was written, was to investigate music therapy’s effectiveness and also the specific role played by music in effective therapy. The study takes two intervention programs, one a music therapy social skills group program and one of them not, and puts them to the test in their effects on children. To my surprise, the results, questions answered by staff members, showed that the non-music program had induced a bigger improvement in almost all categories. Some of the staff said that this could be caused by the repetitiveness of the music that was played. They claimed it was harder to keep the childrens attention span after they had heard the song or tune enough times. This doesn’t necessarily prove my thesis wrong, because these children have slight intellectual disabilities as opposed to autistic children, but it does give me some insight on what might be effective and what may not be effective while using music therapy to treat autistic children. I am going to have to continue researching the effects of music therapy because this source shows that music therapy in some cases is not always the best. Having this knowledge, again, will serve to minimize any bias that my paper may contain and I’m glad I have found an argument for the other side; for it will only make my argument stronger. Heaton, Pamela. "Assessing Musical Skill in Autistic Children that are Not Savants." Philosophical Transactions: Biological Sciences . 364.1522 (2010): 6. Print. This journal gives a plethora of information on studies carried out involving autistic children and their natural abilities to relate and recognize musical patterns. The journal is interesting because it actually looks at all autistic children rather than the savants that have received the most attention from the scientific community. According to one of the studies, 6 out of 11 children with autism all had music- related behaviors that were extraordinary given their developmental levels. One of the children could identify between 18 symphonies and give the composer name by the age of 18 months. What the journal will add to my paper is the proven evidence that autistic children have a pre-disposition to be musically inclined. This being said, I can than make a stronger argument for the use of musical therapy in autistic
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