Attention-Pitt

Attention-Pitt - ATTENTION Structure What is attention?...

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ATTENTION
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Structure • What is attention? Theories and functions • Tasks to measure attention • Failures of attention • Attention Disorders • Theories • Debate: Is attention cultural?
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What is attention? • Folk psychology: concentration, focus, automaticity • Scientific psychology: – Perceptual attention – Executive function
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Definition • Spotlight vs. biased competition • System that prevents information overload • Focused (e.g. paying attention) vs. Divided Attention (e.g. driving and talking on the phone)
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Exploring the theories • Spotlight: • Biased competition: emergent property of the cognitive system that is trying to resolve competition among different aspects of the sensory input – Endogenous vs. Exogenous
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Functions of attention
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TASKS • Stroop task http://faculty.washington.edu/chudler/java/ ready.html • Wisconsin Card Sort • Tower of Hanoi http://www.cut-the-knot.org/recurrence/ hanoi.shtml
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Failures of selection • IN SPACE – Inattentional blindness http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ahg6qcgoay4 – Change blindness http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qvfHY-I_Ywk • IN TIME – Attentional blink – Repetition blindness
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Attentional blink http://www.rit.edu/cla/gssp400/Blink/blinkinstr.html
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This note was uploaded on 09/28/2010 for the course SIS IS2300 taught by Professor Brianbutler during the Fall '10 term at Pittsburgh.

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Attention-Pitt - ATTENTION Structure What is attention?...

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