lec1-2010-intro

lec1-2010-intro - IS2300Notes Week1 Intro History Methods...

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IS2300 Notes  Week 1  Intro History Methods
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Introductions Name Background What program and at what stage Interests in Information Science Goals for this class
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Assignment  Start reading in the textbook
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Readings Introduction and History MRM: Chapter 1 Learning MRM: Chapter 2 Perception MRM: Chapter 3 Attention MRM: Chapter 4
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Demonstration Let’s look at the color-changing card trick from Richard Wiseman at http://quirkology.com/UK/index.shtml And a follow-up study using eye movement equipment
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Cognitive Psychology Human Information Processing Cognitive Psychology Cognition In contrast to Cognitive Science Includes AI, Linguistics, Neuroscience, Philosophy, Anthropology, and Cog Psych From Neisser (1967) Cognitive Psychology refers to all processes by which the sensory input is transformed, reduced, elaborated, stored, recovered, or used
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A Brief History of Psychology 1880 1890 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 Introspectionism Behaviorism Watson Skinner Gestalt Cognitive/HIP Neuroscience Cybernetics Gibson & Ecological Psy
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Roots of Cognitive Psychology First psychology lab was set up in Leipzig, Germany in 1879 by Wilhelm Wundt - Used Introspection as primary task Behaviorism responded by ignoring the mind and only examined behaviors. Watson and Skinner were notable researchers in the behaviorist tradition Work in the 1940’s and 1950’s in areas diverse as coding theory, linguistics, and cell physiology began to change views of the mind Not passive learners. Instead, we are active learners who can use a variety of skills to learn and represent information
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Introspectionism Introduced into US by Titchener in late 19 th C founded lab at Cornell Depended on trained observers to “introspect” into their own cognitive processes Was somewhat effective in investigating memory & perceptual processes Led to irresolvable disagreements when different conclusions reached because each argued from own (not objectively accessible) experience When studied today called metacognition
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Behaviorism Limit psychology to the observables, e.g.; Behavior Goal is to relate input (stimulus) to organism to its output (response) Two basic variants Classical Conditioning (Russian) Operant Conditioning (US)
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lec1-2010-intro - IS2300Notes Week1 Intro History Methods...

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