1-14 - th century (19 th century-20 th century) Industrial...

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SOCI 305 1 1/14/2010 Historical Conceptualizations of Childhood SOCI 305 Status quo ideals are different from the past o We create different ideals for different purposes o We tend to have a “presentist” notion of the ideal child, thinking that we know best now and the past was backwards o As we’re thinking about experiences and conceptualization of children, can’t assume we know best, vastly different political, economic, social contexts Have childhood and adolescence always existed? o Colonial America (17 th century- 19 th century) Infant and child mortality Child labor, rural areas/agrarian society Expectation to contribute economically Little to no formal education Adolescents had similar responsibilities to adults Paintings of children made them seem like small adults o Watershed moments in history influenced the ways we see children in the 19
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Unformatted text preview: th century (19 th century-20 th century) Industrial Revolution, integration of technology/factories Changes the nature of work, destabilizes the center of work as being the family More schooling Decrease in child mortality rates Average number of children per household declines Urbanization Immigration o Change the way people think about children and childhood Family cares for the child SOCI 305 2 1/14/2010 Growth of wealth, notion of childhood as innocent and pure again in contrast to urban problems created by industrial revolution o Recurring themes : Tension throughout history between authoritarian and permissive modes of parenting Social construction of childhood How has the social construction of childhood changed over time? Why has it shifted?...
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1-14 - th century (19 th century-20 th century) Industrial...

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