Ch 13 Review

Ch 13 Review - Chapter 13 Redux Locus where a specific gene...

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Chapter 13: Redux Locus: where a specific gene is located on a chromosome Asexual reproduction: individual is the sole parent, passes copies of all genes (can reproduce via mitosis) Sexual reproduction: two parents give rise to offspring that have unique combinations of genes Karyotype: ordered display of arranged pairs of chromosomes Homologous chromosomes: pair of chromosomes with same length, centromere position, staining pattern o X and Y are sex chromosomes, the rest are autosomes Gametes are haploid, zygote is diploid. In order to go from a zygote to gamete, meiosis. o As a human develops into a sexually mature adult, mitosis generates somatic cells Alternation of generations: multicellular diploid stage alternates with a multicellular haploid stage o Sporophyte (diploid, multi) meiosis spore (haploid, uni) mitosis gametophyte (haploid, multi) mitosis gamete (haploid, uni) zygote (diploid) sporophyte Processes Meiosis I Prophase I
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Ch 13 Review - Chapter 13 Redux Locus where a specific gene...

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