Chapter Fifteen - ChapterFifteen AcidsandBases...

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Chapter Fifteen  Acids and Bases Acid properties Sour taste Change in acid-base indicator color  Some react with active metals to produce H 2 React with bases to produce salt, water Some conduct an electric current Arrhenius acid - chemical compound that increases the concentration of H +  in aqueous solution Strong acid - ionizes completely in aqueous solution Is a strong electrolyte Weak acids - acids that are weak electrolytes Organic acids -generally weak acids, contain the acidic carboxyl group, COOH Binary acid - contains two elements: hydrogen and an electronegative element Ex.) HF, HCl, HBr, HI Oyxacid - compound of hydrogen, oxygen and a third element (usually nonmetal) Common industrial acids: sulfuric acid, nitric acid, phosphoric acid, hydrochloric acid, acetic acid Aqueous acids- Arrhenius acids with ionizable hydrogen atoms  All pure aqueous acids are electrolytes Brønsted-Lowry acid - molecule or ion that is a proton donor Monoprotic acid - acid that can donate only one proton (hydrogen ion) per molecule Polyprotic acid - acid that can donate more than one proton per molecule Polyprotic acids have H as the first element
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This note was uploaded on 09/28/2010 for the course CHEM Chemistry taught by Professor Plants during the Spring '10 term at Clear Creek.

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Chapter Fifteen - ChapterFifteen AcidsandBases...

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