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Cynthia's 30-36 Review

Cynthia's 30-36 Review - WHAP REVIEW Soviet Economy under...

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WHAP REVIEW - Soviet Economy - under Stalin—collectivization, try to speed up industrialization by taxing peasants; low agricultural productivity; collective farms didn’t give peasants incentives but gave them job security, their own land, food supplies - between 1920s and 1950s, became industrial society; state control of almost all economic sectors; tons of heavy industry, little consumer goods; needed heavy industry to build armament that rivaled US and need to amass capital - failed to solve agric problems; all capital goes to heavy industry; bad climate; - move towards westernization; incentives for workers - 1985-Gorbachev; reduction in nuclear armament; glasnost—freedom to comment/criticize; reduced unproductive labor; use of market incentives; tried to open Soviets to world economy; perestroika—economic restructuring—more leeway for private owndership and decentralized control in industry and agriculture; farmers have rights of inheritance; foreign investment;more consumer goods - Japanese Military Conquest (1938) 740-741 - Japan feared success of Guomindang, seized Manchuria in 1931 and proclaimed it the independent state of Manchukuo - Japan conquers Manchurai in 1938, tightens control on Korea, suppress Korean culture—Jap culture forced on Koreans - Hitler’s political program - - countries that lost independence after WW2 - - use of atomic weapons in WW2 - Japanese bomb pearl harbor in 1941; US fights Japan in Battle of the Coral Sea; 1944-1945 Air force begins bombing Japanese home islands; atomic bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki; casualties over 100,000; Japanese surrender and disarm - Indian Congress Party (British in WW2) - WW2 put an end to Indian national congress and the british in the late 1930s - The outbreak of World War II ended the uneasy alliance between the Indian National Congress and Britain. Massive civil disobedience campaigns and the arrest of Gandhi and Nehru strained relations between the two. The Muslim League, supporters of the partition of India into Hindu and Muslim sectors, rallied to the British cause. In 1947, the jewel in the British crown was divided into India and Pakistan - congress leaders offer to support allies if they get independence; rejected by Winston Churchill; renewal of mass civil disobedience campaigns under the guise of the Quit India movement; british respond w/ repression and mass arrests - rioting—British withdraw, give leaders of Congress party India, and gave Jinnah Pakistan; try to stop bloodbath
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- new constitutions after WW2 - - “technocrat” - intense training in engineering or economics b/c of a devotions to the power of national planning; committed to welfare - agriculture increases in W EUROPE-backed by technocrats - social equality - Manuel Noriega - US invades Panama and arrests its strongman leader, Noriega -reforms in Cuba (Castro) - Batista corrupt—opposed by Fidel Castro—after released fr prison, Castro and Ernesto Che Guevara gather military force; 1958—26 th of July movement; batista driven fr power; - foreign properties expropriated, farms collectivized, centralized socialist system;
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