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Unformatted text preview: India • Aryan conquerors >During its formative period, called the Vedic and Epic ages, the Aryans (Indo-Europeans), originally from central Asia, impressed their own stamp on Indian culture. During these ages, the caste system, Sanskrit, and various belief systems were introduced. • Hun invasions >Resulted in India’s decline as India became divided into separate kingdom under local princes. Caste system and Hinduism survives. 600 C.E Islam penetrates India. Buddhism declines. Invaders integrated into warrior caste. • British East India Company >gained control of India by employing sepoys rise of British Raj >captures Madras, Calcutta, and Bombay presidencies to rule India but leaves India in princely states • Buddhism >Buddhism was founded on the teachings of an Indian prince, Gautama, later called Buddha, or “enlightened one.” Buddha accepted many Hindu beliefs but rejected its priests and the caste system it supported. Buddhism spread through missionaries into Sri Lanka, China, Korea, and Japan. • Hindu values >Hinduism, the religion of India’s majority, is unique among world religions in that no central figure is credited for developing it. Hinduism encouraged both worldly and mystical pursuits and was highly adaptable to varying groups. >Caste system and reincarnation are the beliefs. Top to bottom: Kshatriya (warrior/governors), brahmans (priests), Vaisyas (traders/farmers), Sudra (common laborers), untouchables • Indian National Congress Party >led its country’s move toward independence. China • Confucian values Kung Fuzi (Confucius) lived from roughly 551 to 478 B.C.E. He was not a religious leader but rather saw himself as a defender of Chinese tradition and espoused a secular system of ethics. Personal virtue, he believed, would lead to solid political institutions. Both rulers and the ruled should act with respect, humility, and self-control. • Chinese dynasty Zhou, Qin, Han, Sui, Tang, Mongol (Yuan), Ming, Manchu (Qing) • Urbanization in the Song-Tang era >Urban growth surged during the Tang and Song eras. The 2,000,000 inhabitants of the Tang capital of Changan made it the world's largest city. Other cities similarly grew; many had more than 100,000 inhabitants. Most preindustrial civilizations had few or no large urban centers, and China's estimated urban population—10% of the total population—surpassed all others. The late Song capital of Huangzhou exceeded all others in beauty, size, and sophistication. Its location near the Yangtze and the seacoast allowed traders and artisans to prosper • Status of women in Song-Tang era >Women given right to divorce >Neo Confucians rise women status lowers, footbinding • Chinese administrative system (Vietnam) >Confucianism/ civil examination determine the bureaucracy. Chinese style schools • Failure of Nationalist Party >Chiang Kai-shek takes control of Guomindang after Sun Yat-sen’s death but fails fight the Communist party and Japan Mongols •...
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This note was uploaded on 09/28/2010 for the course HIST WHAP taught by Professor Albano during the Spring '10 term at Clear Creek.
- Spring '10
- The Bible