Jeff's 16-25 Study Guide

Jeff's 16-25 Study Guide - AP World History Exam Review...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
AP World History Exam Review Spanish settlement in America – The Spanish reconquest of the Iberian Peninsula replaced the Spanish nation upon its previous vigor and stability. With a stable economic surplus and growing necessity for expansion, the Spanish Empire came into full swing in the start of the 15 th , through to the 16 th centuries. The Spanish traits and cultural aspects diffused into the American traditions. The natives were easily dominated and colonies were established rampantly. The new Spanish Empire extended across present-day Mexico, central America, and the Western coast of South America. The resulting Empire was extensive and, by 1570, began to consolidate into a fledged colony system. As conquest closed, the institutions of government and economy replaced the conquistadors with bureaucrats, merchants, and colonists. The settlements developed rapidly with the large American resource base, quickly escalating to a supplier to the mother country’s economic profit and development. The extension of Spain expanded its influence to the almost exclusive power in the Americas, during the time period. An agrarian society was established, placing the colonies in an economically subordinate status. The Church still had a large influence in the governmental patterns of Spain. The recent consolidation of Spain in the Iberian Peninsula was largely a factor of its reconquest through religious zeal and Christian imposition; thereby providing a larger governmental structure dominating the colonies. Spain governed the American empire through a precise bureaucratic system. The Recopilación (1681) led to a reformation and codification of the laws overarching the colonial governmental figures. The Spanish monarch developed a Council of the Indies in which the colonies could be governed while focus could lie upon the growing European rivalries and competition. Know audiencias: superior courts/judges which supersede the existing governmental and social structures. Intellectual life and educational systems were borrowed/emulated from Spanish tradition, fueled by the Christian missionary activity. Portugal (Western exploration) – Portuguese expansion was focused in other areas of the world other than the Americas. The Treaty of Tordesillas (1494), enacted by the Pope, influenced both Spain and Portugal into dividing the world into possibly expansion regions. Spain was giving the Western areas, while Portugal was given the Eastern. Therefore, the Portuguese American exploration was limited. The Portuguese colonies in the Americas were not important possessions until the earlier half of the 16 th century. Brazil was the major Portuguese colony in the Americas. Brazil was of little importance because of its lack of resources to exploit. When competition arose in 1532, the Portuguese government feared the removal of Brazil from its grasp, which invoked the establishment of a new system. Land grants were provided as an incentive to colonize and advance Brazil. Exploration spread
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 13

Jeff's 16-25 Study Guide - AP World History Exam Review...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online