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WHAP Exam Review 16-25

WHAP Exam Review 16-25 - AP World History Review 16-25...

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AP World History Review 16-25 Europe Core zone of global network Western Europe Spanish settlement in America >Vasco de Balboa claims Panama in 1509; first Spanish colony on the mainland >Spanish control of the Caribbean: Puerto Rico 1508, Cuba 1511 >Christopher Columbus reaches West Indies 1492 >Francisco Pizarro conquers the Inca Empire and is assassinate in 1541 by Inca rebels >Ferdinand Magellan reaches Indonesian islands in 1521/ claims Philippines >encomendero, holder of grants of Indians to run estate plantations >economy in Latin America mainly agricultural but mining is the most significant Portugal Western exploration >Vasco de Gama sails around the Cape of Good Hope to find India, reaches India in 1488 >Brazil= first plantation colony, claimed by Treaty of Tordesillas >Henry the Navigator directed a series of expeditions along the African coasts and Azores > set up forts along Goa, Ormuz, Malacca >set up factories along Africa Principals of Enlightenments >Applying scientific laws to study human society >Adam Smith stresses capitalism: a system in which there is a market economy with little government regulation >Reason begins to challenge religion Western Society mid 18 th century >Children are viewed as a source of emotional satisfaction >Enlightenment principals influence society >marriage at 27 >reason replaces religion Poland’s decline in 1500 In the middle 1500's, the Jigiellonian monarchy would end up relinquishing power to the nobles that dominated the parliament. With the death of the last Jagiellonian monarch in 1572, new kings were elected by these nobles of the parliament and a period of Poland's decay would begin. Several foreign Kings were elected and this leadership was ineffective. Rivalries set in among the nobles and wars took their toll on the economy. In 1548, a Ukrainian rebellion resulted is the lost of this territory. In 1655, Sweden gained control Poland's Baltic region. Several wars with Turkey ensued. All contributing to the decline of Poland's significant empire. Russian Territory
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AP World History Review 16-25 >Territorial expansion focused on central Asia. Russians moved across their region's vast plains to the Caspian Sea and the Ural Mountains. By the sixteenth century, they moved into Western Siberia. Peasant adventurers (cossacks) were recruited to occupy the new lands. Loyal nobles and bureaucrats received land grants in the territories. The conquests gave Russia increased agricultural regions and labor sources. Slavery existed into the eighteenth century. Important trading connections opened with Asian neighbors. The Russian advance, along with that of the Ottomans to the south, eliminated independent central Asia as a source of nomadic invasions. Russia became a multicultural state. The large Muslim population was not forced to assimilate to Russian culture.
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