Banerjee_CEIC_Seminar_6_16_03

Banerjee_CEIC_Semina - Comparison of Distributed Generation Options for India Rangan Banerjee Visiting Faculty EPP CEIC Seminar 16th June 2003 on

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Comparison of Distributed Generation Options for India Rangan Banerjee Visiting Faculty EPP CEIC Seminar 16th June 2003 ( on leave from IIT Bombay)
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Outline of Talk n India- Energy Balance n Power Sector Balance and Trends n Distributed generation options n Non-Renewable Comparison n Renewable Options n Issues
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Energy Content n Average Calorific Value of Indian Coal 4500kcal/kg (18.8 MJ/kg) n Average Calorific Value of Oil 10000kcal/kg (41.8 MJ/kg) n Natural Gas 9300 kcal/m 3 (38.9 MJ/m 3 ) n Nuclear, Hydro – Work backwards from generation based on plant efficiencies n Hydro 85%, Nuclear 25%
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Power Generation n Coal 205.5 Million Tonnes n Oil 2.63 Million Tonnes n Gas 8.11 Billion m 3 n Hydro 311 PJ n Nuclear 151 PJ n Coal 3865 PJ, Oil 110 PJ, N Gas 315 PJ n Total Primary 4753 PJ
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1997-98
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1997-98
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Share of Power Installed Capacity (1998) in India Diesel 0.4% Wind 1.0% Nuclear 2.5% Gas 8.7% Coal 62.7% Hydro 24.6%
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India - Fossil Fuel reserves Fuel Reserves Prodn R/P ratio Coal (Million Tonnes) 60000 296 ~200+ Oil (Million Tonnes) 660 33.86 19 (9) N.Gas Billion m3 692 26.4 26 Nuclear Nat U ~50 Data Source TEDDY
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Electricity Sector in India n Low per capita electricity consumption (~400 kWh/capita/year) n Energy and Peak power scarcity n Large number of villages un- electrified n Significant proportion of households without access to electricity n Electricity use linked with quality of life
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Electricity n 104 GW Installed Capacity 2002( less than 4% of World Capacity) Average 0.1 kW of installed capacity/capita n World installed capacity 0.53 kW/capita n Low electricity consumption – India- about 340 kWh/capita/year Nepal, Bangladesh & Bhutan – lower than 100 kWh/capita/year n World average electricity consumption- 2100 kWh/capita/year
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Electricity Sector n SEB annual loss 2000-1 Rs 20,500 crores (US 4400 million $) n Gap of 92 p/kWh - between cost of supply and revenue (2c/kWh) n Peak shortage 13%, energy shortage 7% n Estimated requirement of 100,000 MW additional capacity by 2012
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Load curve of a typical day –MSEB ( 8/11/2000 source: WREB annual report-2001) 10260 MW 9892 MW 6000 7000 8000 9000 10000 11000 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 2021 22 23 24 Time hours Demand, MW morning peak Evening peak
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India - Electricity Sales 0 50000 100000 150000 200000 250000 300000 350000 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 Year Electricity Sales (GWh) S
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1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 0 100 200 300 400 500 Hydro Total Electricity Generation('000 GWh) Year
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Annual Capacity Additions 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 6000 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 Year Capacity Addition (M W)
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Carbon Dioxide Emissions n Kaya identity: Total CO2 Emissions = (CO2/E)(E/GDP)(GDP/Pop)Pop CO2/E – Carbon Intensity E/GDP- Energy Intensity of Economy n Mitigation – increase sinks, reduce sources- aforestation, fuel mix,energy efficiency, renewables,nuclear, carbon sequestration n Adaptation
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GHG Emissions (Fuel Cycle Analysis) n Coal Conventional n Advanced Coal n Oil n Gas n Nuclear n Biomass n PV n Hydro-electric n Wind CO 2 g/kWh 960 -1300 800-860 690-870 460-1230 9-100 37-166 30-150 2-410 11-75 Source: John Holdren Kirk Smith, World Energy Assessment, UNDP,2001
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Distributed Generation Options n Non-Renewable n IC Engine- diesel n IC Engine- Natural gas n Micro-turbine- Natural gas n PEM fuel cell- reformer - Natural gas n Renewable n Wind Turbine n Solar Photovoltaic (PV) n Biomass Gasifier- Gas Engine n Bagasse - Cogeneration
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This note was uploaded on 09/28/2010 for the course EPS 090229 taught by Professor Nxhviet during the Winter '10 term at Hanoi University of Technology.

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Banerjee_CEIC_Semina - Comparison of Distributed Generation Options for India Rangan Banerjee Visiting Faculty EPP CEIC Seminar 16th June 2003 on

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