Dist_Gen_brochure_final_1 - U.S. D e p a r t m e n t o f E...

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E NSURING E NERGY S ECURITY , R ELIABILITY , AND E FFICIENCY U.S. Department of Energy & Office of Fossil Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory
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T HE U.S. D EPARTMENT OF E NERGY (DOE) O FFICE OF F OSSIL E N - ERGY , THROUGH THE N ATIONAL E NERGY T ECHNOLOGY L ABORATORY (NETL), IS TAKING THE LEAD IN FORGING GOVERNMENT / INDUSTRY PARTNERSHIPS TO DEVELOP A PORTFOLIO OF NEW POWER SYSTEMS THAT WILL FOREVER CHANGE THE WAY ENERGY IS VIEWED . F UEL CELL AND NOVEL GENERATION SYSTEMS ARE BEING PURSUED THAT ARE COM - PACT AND QUIET AND OFFER UNSURPASSED EFFICIENCIES AND ENVI - RONMENTAL PERFORMANCE . T HESE CHARACTERISTICS ALLOW THEM TO BE STRATEGICALLY PLACED ALMOST ANYWHERE , INCLUDING CUS - TOMER SITES , IN WHAT IS CALLED DISTRIBUTED GENERATION (DG). DG IS BECOMING AN ESSENTIAL OPTION AS OUR NATION ENTERS A NEW ENERGY ERA MARKED BY UTILITY RESTRUCTURING , THE DIGITAL REVOLUTION , ESCALATING ENVIRONMENTAL CONCERNS , AND THREATS TO OUR ENERGY SECURITY . C URRENTLY AVAILABLE TECHNOLOGY LIM - ITS DG TO NICHE APPLICATIONS . S PORTFOLIO OF TECHNOLO - GIES WILL ENABLE APPLICATION OF DG IN MAINSTREAM MARKETS . O NE PRIMARY BARRIER REMAINS IN THE PATH TO COMMERCIALIZATION ± COST . T O REMOVE THAT BARRIER , NETL HAS STRUCTURED UNIQUE ALLIANCES TO MOBILIZE THE NATION S SCIENTIFIC COMMUNITY AND GOVERNMENT AND INDUSTRY RESOURCES .
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1 As the 21 st century unfolds, changing mar- ket forces, energy security issues, and evolving technologies herald a new age in electricity pro- duction & distributed generation (DG). Much like the shift from mainframe to personal com- puters, DG places power at the customer site, tailors the power to specific needs, and places control in the hands of the customer. Driving forces for DG are many. The digital revolution requires ever increasing amounts of electric capacity at installation rates and levels of reliability and power quality that are beyond traditional central power system capabilities. The nation±s transmission and distribution (T²D) grid is already overburdened, and the time and cost for upgrades or capacity additions to keep pace with demand at present are prohibitive. The tran- sition to utility restructuring along with regula- tory uncertainty are making power producers averse to the major financial exposure associ- ated with central power plant construction. Our economy is threatened by overdependence on unstable foreign sources of energy and terrorist attack. Energy security countermeasures require efficient use of domestic resources and reduced vulnerability of our electric delivery infrastruc- ture to terrorist attack. Environmental criteria demand near-zero emissions and ultra-high effi- ciency from new electric generating capacity. Technologies that hold the promise for en-
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This note was uploaded on 09/28/2010 for the course EPS 090229 taught by Professor Nxhviet during the Winter '10 term at Hanoi University of Technology.

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Dist_Gen_brochure_final_1 - U.S. D e p a r t m e n t o f E...

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